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Gonder(both: gŏn`dər), town (1994 pop. 112,249), capital of Amhara region, NW Ethiopia, at an altitude of c.7,300 ft (2,225 m). It is a regional trade center and a tourist destination. Once Ethiopia's largest city and a center of religion and art, Gondar served as the capital of Ethiopia from c.1635 to 1867. In the 19th cent. the city declined, and in 1887 it was sacked by Sudanese Mahdists (see MahdiMahdi
[Arab.,=he who is divinely guided], in Sunni Islam, the restorer of the faith. He will appear at the end of time to restore justice on earth and establish universal Islam. The Mahdi will be preceded by al-Dajjal, a Muslim antichrist, who will be slain by Jesus.
..... Click the link for more information. ). The city had a large concentration of FalashasFalashas
[Amharic,=exiles], Jews of Ethiopia who refer to themselves as Beta Israel (House of Israel). Long isolated from mainstream Judaism, they practice a form of the religion based on the Jewish Scriptures and certain apocryphal books; they also adhere to certain
..... Click the link for more information. (Ethiopian Jews), but most have emigrated to Israel. Gondar is noted for its architectural ruins. It has a university medical school.
a city in northern Ethiopia; administrative center of Bagemder Province. Population, 31,000 (1968).
Gondar is the commercial center of an agricultural region and produces grains, oils, cattle, honey, hides, and leather handicrafts. It is the site of a medical college. Gondar was founded in the 17th century and was the capital of Ethiopia until the 19th century. A 17th-century castle is preserved in Gondar.