Gondar


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Gondar

or

Gonder

(both: gŏn`dər), town (1994 pop. 112,249), capital of Amhara region, NW Ethiopia, at an altitude of c.7,300 ft (2,225 m). It is a regional trade center and a tourist destination. Once Ethiopia's largest city and a center of religion and art, Gondar served as the capital of Ethiopia from c.1635 to 1867. In the 19th cent. the city declined, and in 1887 it was sacked by Sudanese Mahdists (see MahdiMahdi
[Arab.,=he who is divinely guided], in Sunni Islam, the restorer of the faith. He will appear at the end of time to restore justice on earth and establish universal Islam. The Mahdi will be preceded by al-Dajjal, a Muslim antichrist, who will be slain by Jesus.
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). The city had a large concentration of FalashasFalashas
[Amharic,=exiles], Jews of Ethiopia who refer to themselves as Beta Israel (House of Israel). Long isolated from mainstream Judaism, they practice a form of the religion based on the Jewish Scriptures and certain apocryphal books; they also adhere to certain
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 (Ethiopian Jews), but most have emigrated to Israel. Gondar is noted for its architectural ruins. It has a university medical school.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gondar

 

a city in northern Ethiopia; administrative center of Bagemder Province. Population, 31,000 (1968).

Gondar is the commercial center of an agricultural region and produces grains, oils, cattle, honey, hides, and leather handicrafts. It is the site of a medical college. Gondar was founded in the 17th century and was the capital of Ethiopia until the 19th century. A 17th-century castle is preserved in Gondar.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Gondar

a city in NW Ethiopia: capital of Ethiopia from the 17th century until 1868. Pop.: 191 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
October 30, 2018 (KHARTOUM) - Government of Gedaref State said arrangements have completed to convene the border coordination meeting between Sudan and Ethiopia on the first week of November in Ethiopia's city of Gondar.
Hundreds also packed the streets of his birthplace, the northern city of Gondar. "Amongst our requests is the repatriation of his body back to his own city," said one protester, who only gave his name as Geremew.
Ethics Committee Approval: Ethical clearance was obtained from ethical committee of University of Gondar. A permission and support letter was also obtained from Kolla-Diba district health bureaus.
Geta, "Drug therapy of epileptic seizures among adult epileptic outpatients of University of Gondar referral and teaching hospital, Gondar, North West Ethiopia," Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, vol.
Due to this fact, this research is initiated and conducted, with the objective of assessing the knowledge and attitude towards exclusive breast feeding among mothers attending antenatal care and immunization clinic in Dabat Health Center, North Gondar zone, Northwest Ethiopia.
This town is located in the North Gondar Administrative Zone, Amhara region, 897 km North of Addis Ababa and 197 km from the ancient city of Gondar, and it has a latitude and longitude of 12[degrees]58'N 36[degrees]12'E with an elevation of 685 meters above sea level.
This cross-sectional study was done from February to June 2014 to assess medication use practice of the social science students of University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia.
This study was therefore carried out to assess the pattern of self-medication among social science students of University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia.
Gondar university hospital (GUH) is a teaching referral hospital that serves 5 million people in northwest Ethiopia.
Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April 14 to 29, 2015 in Gondar University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital.