Gonds


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gonds

 

the collective name for a number of peoples and tribes in central India (including the Maria, Muria, Bhattra, Dhakar, Dorla, and Koya) who speak dialects of the Gondi language, a member of the Dravidian language family, and the languages of the surrounding peoples (Hindi, Marathi, Telugu).

The Gonds live in the mountain and forest regions of the Chota Nagpur Plateau, mainly in the Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh. They are being gradually assimilated with the neighboring peoples. The population of the Gonds who have retained their own languages is more than 2 million (1970, estimate). Until recently, the Gonds engaged in slash-and-burn farming, hunting, and gathering. Settled farming continues to play an ever larger role in the modern economy, and crafts (metalworking, weaving) are being developed. Their religion combines the worship of both ancient Gond and Hindu gods.

REFERENCE

Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963. (Bibliography.)

M. IA. BERZINA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dutt had been since trying to take possession of the land which was being tilled by the Gond farmers.
While the TRS government tried to placate the simmering discontent among the Gonds by naming Asifabad district after Kumaram Bheem, a Gond leader who had waged a struggle against the Nizam government and also set up a tribal museum.
Lakshmi, is a TRS legislator from the area and she is facing the heat from the Gond tribals.
What has added to the worries of TRS government was the plan of the Gond tribals to force the tribal elected representatives to resign.
Kanker (Chhattisgarh) Jan 28 ( ANI ) Shiv Singh Anchla, a retired teacher and one of the most respected villagers of Damkasa Gram Panchayat, Block Durgkondal in Kanker District in Chhattisgarh has donated five acres of land to his community of fellow Gond tribals.
For the rest, the Gond tribe, settled agriculturists now, depend on farming.
The Amtes began working with Madia Gonds inhabiting dense forests along the state's borders with Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh 34 years ago when the region had no amenities worth the name.
Among its graduates are the first doctors, lawyers, teachers and policemen from among the Madia Gonds.
Marginalization has also forced many Gond youths to join the ranks of Maoist rebels, who exploit the economic and political alienation of the Gond community.
"They Gond people need someone to listen to their problems in their own language.
Blessed with abundant natural resources, the ethnically-rich state of Chhattisgarh is inhabited by a diverse group of tribal communities, with the Gond community, which Anchla belongs to, dominating in numbers.
The Gond community, like other adivasi communities, is woven into a symbiotic relationship with the environment.