Gonfalonier

(redirected from Gonfaloniere)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Gonfaloniere: Signoria
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gonfalonier

 

(1) An official of the Italian city-republics during the 13th, 14th, and 15th centuries who headed the militia of the municipal quarters.

(2) A position established in 1289 in Florence called gonfalonier of justice—the head of the detachment guarding the popolano government from the grandees. After 1293 the gonfalonier of justice became the head of government (prior or seignior), but during the period of Medici rule (15th to 18th centuries) he was the city magistrate.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Artemisia Gentileschi, Portrait of a Gonfaloniere (Costanzo Giasone?), 1622, oil on canvas, 82 x 50 3/8 in.
Folchi urges Florence's political leadership the Gonfaloniere and members of the City Council--to create a special Commission charged with petitioning Ravenna "pubblicamente e nobilmente" for the return of "le ceneri del Divino Poeta alla sua terra natale, per quindi depositarle nel Panteon dei sommi italiani in Santa Croce".
Giovanni d'Alamanno's civic status--he was Gonfaloniere when he died and had earlier served the city in a number of important offices (32)--was most likely a major reason for the placement of his tomb in the Duomo.
These chose an executive, the gonfaloniere di giustizia or standard bearer of justice, whose position roughly corresponded with that of a modern-day president or prime minister.
Letter to Piero Soderini, Gonfaloniere. The year 1504.
Piero Soderini, Gonfaloniere of florence from 1502-1512, was Machiavelli's political superior and patron.
Biografo di Brunelleschi, Cavalcanti e di altri Uomini singulari in Firenze (dove spiccano gli artisti: otto su tredici), Manetti non fu solo un letterato minore: ebbe certo degli spiccati interessi politici, comprovati dalla sua elezione a Priore (nel 1476) e piu tardi a Gonfaloniere di Giustizia (nel 1495).
Giovanni's father, Annibale Bentivoglio, had established the position of `first citizen', identical with that of gonfaloniere of justice.
The highlighted role of the Gonfaloniere, the Signoria, and councils, the heavy emphasis on deliberative procedures, and the reconceptualization of the anti-Magnati Ordinances of Justice as provisions for the defense of the state, and therefore necessary for the conduct of government, are but a few examples.
For instance, his characterization of Giovanbattista Ridolfi, a Savonarolan elected Gonfaloniere after the Medicis' return, emphasizes negatively his piagnone ties ("era reputato valente huomo ma era capo della setta del frate" 282).
(29.) Spinello di Lapo de'Girolami, who had served as gonfaloniere di giustizia in 1301, may have provided funds for the reliquary, but he died around 1320 - over a decade before it was made.