Also found in: Wikipedia.


(gōntsä`gä), Italian princely house that ruled MantuaMantua
, Ital. Mantova, city (1991 pop. 53,065), capital of Mantova prov., Lombardy, N Italy, bordered on three sides by lakes formed by the Mincio River. It is an agricultural, industrial, and tourist center.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1328–1708), MontferratMontferrat
, Ital. Monferrato, historic region of Piedmont, NW Italy, south of the Po River, now mostly in Alessandria prov. It is largely hilly, and wine, fruit, and cereals are produced. In the late 10th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1536–1708), and GuastallaGuastalla
, town (1991 pop. 13,354), Emilia-Romagna, N Italy, on the Po River. It is an agricultural and industrial center. Probably founded in the 7th cent., Guastalla was held by various lords and in 1539 was bought by Ferrante Gonzaga of Mantua. It was made a duchy in 1621.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1539–1746). The family name is derived from the castle of Gonzaga, a village near Mantua. Luigi Gonzaga, 1267–1360, became captain general of Mantua in 1328. The power of his descendants grew in the 14th cent., and in 1433, Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund made Gian Francesco Gonzaga, 1395–1444, marquis of Mantua. His grandson, Francesco Gonzaga, 1466–1519, married Isabella d'EsteEste
, Italian noble family, rulers of Ferrara (1240–1597) and of Modena (1288–1796) and celebrated patrons of the arts during the Renaissance. Probably of Lombard origin, they took their name from the castle of Este, near Padua.
..... Click the link for more information.
. At the outset of the Italian WarsItalian Wars,
1494–1559, series of regional wars brought on by the efforts of the great European powers to control the small independent states of Italy. Renaissance Italy was split into numerous rival states, most of which sought foreign alliances to increase their
..... Click the link for more information.
, in which Spain and France vied for control of Italy, he led the allied troops that defeated (1495) King Charles VIII of France at Fornovo. In order to preserve the independence of Mantua, Francesco fought in turn for Venice, for the French, and for Pope Julius II. The court of Mantua, long a center of the arts and letters, was particularly brilliant under Francesco and Isabella. Their son and successor, Federico or Federigo Gonzaga, 1500–1540, was made (1530) duke of Mantua by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. In 1536 he acquired Montferrat, which continued to be claimed by Savoy. His brother Ercole Gonzaga, 1505–63, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, was long regent of the duchy. He furthered learning and the arts and presided (1562–63) over the Council of Trent. A younger brother, Ferrante Gonzaga, 1507–57, was generalissimo of Charles V in Italy, France, and Flanders. He acquired (1539) the county of Guastalla, which remained with his direct descendants until their extinction in 1746; in 1748 it was annexed to the duchy of Parma. In 1627 the senior male line of the older branch, ruling Mantua and Montferrat, became extinct. A cadet line, established in France, had succeeded, by marriage, to the duchies of Nevers or NivernaisNivernais
, region and former province, central France. It roughly coincides with Nièvre dept. Drained by the Loire and the Yonne, it is a hilly plateau, rising to the Morvan Mts. in the east. It has metallurgical, chemical, and livestock industries.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and RethelRethel
, town (1993 est. pop. 8,639), Ardennes dept., N France, on the Aisne River. It is a farm trade center with textile industries and plants making farm machinery. It was (13th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and in 1627 began to claim the succession to Mantua and Montferrat, which were strategically located on the Lombard plain near the Alpine passes. Its claim was strengthened by the marriage of Maria Gonzaga, sole heiress of the senior line, to Charles de Rethel, son of the duke of Nevers. France supported the Nevers branch, while Hapsburg Spain and Austria, anxious lest France gain a foothold in N Italy, supported the claims of the Guastalla branch. War between France and Spain broke out over the contested succession. The Nevers branch ultimately won with the signing of the Treaty of Cherasco (1631) and ruled Mantua and Montferrat until it in turn became extinct (1708) during the War of the Spanish Succession. Hapsburg Austria then annexed Mantua, and Savoy annexed Montferrat.


See S. J. C. Brinton, The Gonzaga (1927).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



A dynasty of rulers (tyrants) of the Italian city of Mantua (1328–1708).

The dynasty’s founder, Luigi I Gonzaga, was recognized in 1328 as the hereditary captain general of Mantua. In 1433 the Gonzagas acquired the title of marquis and, after 1530, of duke. In 1536 the Gonzagas added the marquisate of Montferrat to their holdings. In the 15th and early 16th century, the Gonzaga court was one of the centers of the Italian Renaissance. After the death of the childless duke Vincenzo II Gonzaga in 1627, the War of the Mantuan Succession (1628–31) began among representatives of lateral branches of the Gonzaga family; Charles Gonzague, Duke of Nevers, was recognized as ruler of Mantua and Montferrat. During the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14), the Gonzaga dynasty, which supported France, lost Mantua in 1708 (seized by Austria) and Montferrat in 1708–13 (by transfer to Savoy).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A report from the Camarines Sur police said upon sensing that he was transacting with undercover police, Marlon Gonzaga pulled a cal.
'Heart of a soldier': Jovelyn Gonzaga's triumphant return to volleyball !-- -- Luisa Morales (Philstar.com) - July 14, 2019 - 8:26pm ANTIPOLO, Philippines Bronze shone like gold for PacificTown Army's Jovelyn Gonzaga when the Lady Troopers clinched the victory over BanKo Perlas on Sunday.
The Sandiganbayan Third Division has affirmed the acquittal of Senior Grains Operations Officer Jose Gonzaga of the Dona Elena Warehouse of the National Food Authority (NFA) - North District Office in the graft and malversation case involving missing sacks of imported rice.
According to details available here in their last game Zalan Khan edged passed Edgardo Manuel Angara 6-2, 6-3, while Abdullah Adnan defeated Axl Lajon Gonzaga 6-0, 6-1.
Davide Moretti opened up a late lead with the two most important 3-pointers of his life, Tariq Owens came up with a big rejection and the Red Raiders caught a ride straight to Minneapolis with a 75-69 victory over top-seeded Gonzaga on Saturday.
Both No.1 Gonzaga and No.1 Virginia are favored, but it wouldn't be at all surprising to see one of them suffer an upset in the Elite Eight.
(USA), Jan 7(ANI): American-comedian star Jim Carrey has confirmed that he is dating his co-star Ginger Gonzaga.
New York: Fitch Ratings has affirmed the 'A' rating on the following Corporation of Gonzaga University's (Gonzaga, or the university) bonds:
Gonzaga University (www.gonzaga.edu) is using Oracle Cloud to streamline its operations and better serve its student and staff community.
ACTRESS, TV host and endorser Alex Gonzaga was recently embroiled in a controversy involving one of her videos, for which she has already apologized.
Ruwel Peter Gonzaga (Compostela Valley, Second District) and Mawab Municipal Mayor Ruperto Gonzaga III, supported the move of Uy who chairs the Regional Peace and Order Council (RPOC).