Gonzaga, Tomás António

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gonzaga, Tomás António


Born Aug. 11, 1744, in Porto, Portugal; died February 1810, in Mozambique. Brazilian poet.

Gonzaga held legal posts in Portugal and, after 1782, in Brazil. He was involved in an anticolonialist plot for which he was sentenced to death in 1789, but his sentence was commuted to exile in Mozambique. He wrote the collection of poems Marilia de Dirceu. The poems in the first part of this collection (1792) are characterized by a sense of immediacy and simplicity of form. Gonzaga’s pastoral lyrics captured a popular quality, and many of his verses became folk songs. In the second, deeply tragic part (1799), which was written in prison, preromantic elements are noticeable. The anonymous satirical poem Chilean Letters (1788–89), which is ascribed to Gonzaga, is a brilliant example of enlightened satire. A. S. Pushkin translated one of Gonzaga’s poems (“From the Portuguese”) into Russian.


Obras completas, vols. 1–2. Rio de Janeiro, 1957.
In Russian translation:
Liry: Chiliiskie pis’ma. Foreword by I. Tynianova. Moscow, 1964.


Alekseev, M. P. “Pushkin i brazil’skii poet.” Nauchnyi biulleten’ LGU, 1947, nos. 14–15.
Terterian, I. A. “Antikolonial’naia satira T. A. Gonzagi i ee rol’ ν razvitii realizma ν Brazilii.” Izv. AN SSSR: OLIa, 1961, vol. 20, issue 4.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.