Gopherus


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Gopherus

 

a genus of reptile of the family of land tortoises. There is one species, polyphemus. The genus is distinguished by a low flattened shell and short, broad claws on the front legs. The shell may be up to 34 cm long. G. polyphemus is found in the United States and northern Mexico. It digs deep burrows up to 12 m long. Adult specimens often live in pairs, feeding on plant life and less frequently on insects. From April to June the female lays four to seven spherical eggs.

The meat of the G. polyphemus is used as food; consequently its hunting is legally restricted in places.

References in periodicals archive ?
Shell degradation has been reported from all North American tortoise species except Gopherus flavomarginatus Legler (the Bolson's tortoise).
Key wards: demography; Gopherus berlandieri; life history; life table; sex ratio, age variation; species persistence; turtle.
The desert tortoise is one of three species of the genus Gopherus residing in the United States.
Variation in Tortoise Life History: demography of Gopherus berlandieri.
Por otro lado, la familia Testudinidae representada por fosiles de los generos Geochelone, Gopherus y Testudo, difieren de los especimenes de Nealtican, debido a que la fosa axilar del plastron en Testudinidae es corta.
Scientifically called gopherus agassizii, desert tortoises were labeled an endangered species by the federal government under an emergency designation in 1989.
Key words: demography; Gopherus agassizii (desert tortoise); elasticity; finite rate of increase; life-stage simulation analysis and importance, matrix population models; population growth; sensitivity; species conservation; Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken); variance and covariance; vital rates.
Histology and functional morphology of the female reproductive tract of the tortoise Gopherus polyphemus.
These species were Bufo quercicus (oak toad), Bufo terrestris (southern toad), Gastrophryne carolinensis (narrow-mouth toad), Gopherus polyphemus (gopher tortoise), Anolis carolinensis (green anole), Cnemidophorus sexlineatus (six-lined racerunner), Eumeces egregius (mole skink), Eumeces inexpectatus (southeastern five-lined skink), Neoseps reynoldsi (sand skink), Sceloporus woodi (Florida scrub lizard), Cemophora coccinea (Florida scarlet snake), Coluber constrictor (southern black racer), Masticophis flagellum (eastern coachwhip), Tantilla relicta (crowned snake), Aphelocoma coerulescens (Florida Scrub Jay), Cryptotis parva (least shrew), Peromyscus polionotus (oldfield mouse), and Podomys fioridanus (Florida mouse).
Predators of eggs and young of gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus (Reptilia, Testudines, Testunidae) in southern Florida.
Table 1: Collective North American species studied/managed at individual C2S2 institutions common name scientific name American burying beetle Nicrophorus americanus Attwater's prairie chicken Tympanuchus cupido attwateri black footed ferret Mustela nigripes black-capped vireo Vireo atricapilla California condor Gymnogyps californianus Desert bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis nelsoni desert tortoise Gopherus agassizii Florida panther Puma concolor coryi golden-cheeked warbler Dendroica chrysoparia Guam rail Gallirallus owstoni Hawaiian crow Corvus hawaiiensis Iiwi Vestiaria coccinea Amakihi Hemignathus virens Rota bridled white-eye Zosterops conspicillatus rotensis Mlcronesian kingfisher Todiramphus c.