Pink Salmon

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pink salmon

[‚piŋk ′sam·ən]
(vertebrate zoology)
Oncorhynchus. Weighing less than 2 kilograms (5 pounds), it is the smallest but typically most abundant of the salmon. Also known as humpback salmon.

Pink Salmon


(Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), also humpback salmon, a fish of the genus of Pacific salmon. Approximately 0.5 m long, it weighs about 1.5 kg (the smallest representative of the Pacific salmon genus). The scales are very small. The fish is distributed in the northern part of the Pacific Ocean south to Vladivostok and San Francisco as well as in the Arctic Ocean west to the Lena River and east to the Mackenzie River. Migration up the rivers to spawn takes place at any time from the end of June to the beginning of August. The fish spawns over gravel in the shallow parts of rivers from the middle of July to the beginning of October. In the south these dates are earlier than in the north. Before spawning a hump forms on the males. After spawning the fish die. The reproductive capacity is 1,200–2,000 roe. The fry descend to the sea around May. They return sexually mature to the rivers the following year. The size of the fish in catches fluctuates greatly from year to year. The pink salmon is an important commercial fish. It is acclimatized in the Barents and White seas as well as in the vicinity of Newfoundland.


Vosproizvodstvo i akklimatizatsiia lososevykh ν Barentsovom i Belom moriakh. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
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Temporal and spatial variability in allele frequencies in populations of pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha.
Analysis of contemporary genetic structure of even-brood-year populations of Asian and western Alaskan pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha.
Genetic differentiation of pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha in the Asian part of the range.
Makhnyr and Perlov (1988) reported that spotted seals along the Sakhalin Coast ate pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, found in 83% of the stomachs sampled (n=17), kundzha, Salvelinus leucomaenis in 33%, redfin, Leuciscus brandti in 33%, Myoxocephalus sp.
Zooplankton abundance and feeding habits of fry of pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, and chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta, in Traitors Cove, Alaska, with speculations on the carrying capacity of the area.
gorbuscha, are found primarily in the Kuskokwim, Yukon, and Norton Sound areas.
Juvenile Pacific sandfish, Trichodon trichodon, associated with pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, fry in the nearshore area, southeastern Alaska.