Vere Gordon Childe

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V. Gordon Childe
Vere Gordon Childe
Birthday
BirthplaceSydney, New South Wales, Australia
Died
Occupation
Archaeologist
Philologist
Known for Excavating Skara Brae. Marxist archaeological theory

Childe, Vere Gordon

 

Born Apr. 14, 1892, in Sydney, Australia; died Oct. 19,1957. British archaeologist. Fellow of the British Academy (from 1940). Director of the Institute of Archaeology of the University of London (1946–56).

Childe conducted excavations in Scotland and Northern Ireland and on the Orkney Islands, at Skara Brae. His main works dealt with the prehistory of Europe and the East, in which, guided by the works of Soviet researchers, he proposed a materialistic basis for historical processes. He opposed the theory of migrationism, which explains changes in culture through migrations of peoples, advancing instead the theory of the independence of cultural development. Childe studied the origin and development of farming—the Neolithic revolution, the transition from the hunting and gathering economy of the Paleolithic to the producing economy of the Neolithic. Although he regarded the evolution of the economy as the primary factor in social progress, he reduced the problem of the rise of a state system to a question of the origin of cities (the urban revolution), not devoting proper attention to social relations.

Childe was accidentally killed in the mountains near Sydney.

WORKS

Prehistoric Communities of the British Isles. London, 1949.
Prehistoric Migrations in Europe. Oslo, 1950.
Social Evolution. London [1951].
In Russian translation:
Progress i arkheologiia. Moscow, 1949.
Uistokov evropeiskoi tsivilizatsii. Moscow, 1952.
Drevneishii Voslok v svete novykh raskopok. Moscow, 1956.

REFERENCE

Mongait, A. L. “G. Chaild.” Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 1958, no. 3.
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Gordon Childe that other environmental historians have relied upon to explain ecological collapse in Mesopotamia, but he draws almost entirely from one authority for the newer view that irrigated agriculture did not result in ecological collapse.
Leiamos, tambien, con mucha atencion a Vere Gordon Childe y los principios basicos del materialismo historico explicado en un texto de la chilena Martha Harnecker.
Fifteen chapters in the Thinkers section are devoted to John Anderson, Herbert Vere Evatt, Vere Gordon Childe, Bernard Smith, Robert Hughes, George Seddon, Hugh Stretton, Jean Martin, and Peter Carey.
He briefly recounts various attempts to define the early monarchy in Israel under David and Solomon as a bureaucratic state according to the scheme developed by Gordon Childe (p.
Tras una sintesis sobre el nacimiento de la disciplina en ambas tradiciones, la autora pone el enfasis en el papel fundamental jugado por la llamada "Golden Generation" en el periodo de entreguerras, representada por figuras como Grahame Clark, Christopher Hawkes y Gordon Childe en Reino Unido, y Pere Bosch Gimpera y Hugo Obermaier en Espana.
Similarly, Gordon Childe observed that "reasoning, and all that we call thinking, must involve mental operations with what psychologists call images.
Sobre el proceso de urbanizacion vease el trabajo pionero de Gordon Childe (1950).
He did not take kindly to other luminaries in his territory (Davidson cites the presence of Vere Gordon Childe at the Australian National University--ANU).
Tanto en el seminario como en las clases con Jose Luis Lorenzo, Ortiz se inicio en la lectura de la obra de Vere Gordon Childe.
Gordon Childe ofrece su particular interpretacion causal acerca de como se produce este paso del salvajismo a la barbarie, aduciendo que tiene lugar a partir de la revolucion agricola, en la produccion de alimentos, que permite la emancipacion del hombre con respecto al estado de naturaleza.
Their topics include the paradox of diet and technology in the Middle Paleolithic, the antiquity of large-game hunting in the Mediterranean Paleolithic, the importance of process and historical event in the study of the Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition, the archaeological signature of behavioral modernity at the southern periphery of the modern human range, Paleoindian stability during the Younger Dryas in the North American lower Great Lakes, and Vere Gordon Childe and the concept of revolution.
Gordon Childe assumed that the transition to agriculture was part of the myth of inevitable 'progress' to which he was committed.