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in zoology, organ found in bees, many wasps, some ants, and in scorpions and sting rays, used defensively as well as to kill or paralyze prey. In the bee and the wasp the venomvenom
or zootoxin,
any of a variety of poisonous substances produced by animals. In poisonous snakes, venom is secreted in two poison glands, one on each side of the upper jaw, and enters the fang by a duct.
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 is produced by glands associated with the ovipositor (egg-laying organ) of the female. As symptoms differ, it is assumed that the venom of each species of insect probably has slightly different chemical properties. The bee's "acid gland" produces histamine and proteinlike substances that are extremely dangerous to persons with specific allergies to them. Adrenaline injections may be lifesaving in such cases. In the honeybee the sting is a minute needle with tiny serrated edges, the teeth of which point backward. This makes it hard for the insect to pull the organ loose and often results in the fatal loss of the sting, the poison gland, and part of the intestine. Hornets, yellow jackets, and other wasps have sharp, smooth stings that can be used repeatedly. A few ants produce formic acid as a venom. The scorpion kills its prey with poison injected by a curved spine at the tip of its tail; the wound is painful to human adults and may be fatal to children. Strictly speaking, spiders bite rather than sting, since they inject their venom by means of fanglike cheliceras. Coelenterates, e.g., the hydra, jellyfish, and certain corals, are equipped with stinging capsules (nematocysts) consisting of a trigger mechanism that, when stimulated, raises the hydrostatic pressure of the cell so that hollow venom-bearing threads are ejected with enough force to pierce the prey. The larger coelenterates, e.g., the Portuguese man-of-war and Cyanea, are dangerous to man. The stingrays, or stingarees, have long whiplike tails bearing one to three sharply toothed, bony, poisonous stingers capable of inflicting painful wounds.
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1. a skin wound caused by the poison injected by certain insects or plants
2. pain caused by or as if by the sting of a plant or animal
3. a sharp pointed organ, such as the ovipositor of a wasp, by which poison can be injected into the prey
4. Slang a trap set up by the police to entice a person to commit a crime and thereby produce evidence
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


A parallel dialect of Scheme intended to serve as a high-level operating system for symbolic programming languages. First-class threads and processors and customisable scheduling policies.

E-mail: <>.

["A Customizable Substrate for Concurrent Languages", S. Jagannathan et al, ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 1992].
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (
References in periodicals archive ?
The 61-year-old, real name Gordon Sumner, will play stripped-down versions of all his hits with a five-piece band.
Gordon Sumner, as he was christened, got his nickname after performing with a black and yellow sweater on stage with a jazz band.
Mrs L LAMBERT, Shrewsbury A YeS, Mrs Lambert, her name is Coco Sumner, and she is indeed the daughter of Sting (real name Gordon Sumner).
And talking of singers, Gordon Sumner - aka Sting - may fancy a return to his native North-east to manage Boro with every breath he takes.
Sting, 58, real name Gordon Sumner, had branded the programmes as "appalling" and also accused Cowell, 50, of "humiliating" contestants and degrading the music industry.
In which northern city was Sting (Gordon Sumner) born in 1951?
Gordon Sumner got his nickname Sting because of the black and yellow striped sweatshirt he often wore while performing and Paul Hewson was reputedly called Bono Vox by a friend.
Just pounds 4Sting: Demolition Man by ChristopherSandford: The remarkable tale of Gordon Sumner and his alter ego, Sting.
Following in the footsteps of celebrities such as Gordon Sumner and Reg Dwight, Rhondda Cynon Taff County Borough Council is changing its name.
BIRTHDAYS Anna Ford, broadcaster, 75; Don McLean, folk singer, 73; Sir Trevor Brooking, football pundit, 70; Donna Karan, fashion designer, 70; Richard Hell, rock singer/ writer, 69; Mike Rutherford, rock musician, 68; Sting (Gordon Sumner), singer, 67; Philip Oakey, pop singer (The Human League), 63; Jana Novotna, former tennis player, 50; Simon Gregson, actor, 44.
By what name is musician Gordon Sumner better known?
A lot, but nowadays Gordon Sumner is an Englishman in New York, and that kind of dough gets you one luxury Manhattan penthouse with Central Park views.