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(gôrgän`) or


(jo͝orjän`), town (1991 pop. 162,468), N Iran, E of the Caspian Sea. The surrounding region yields abundant grain and has extensive forests and marshes. Items of trade include carpets. The surrounding area, the ancient Hyrcania, was captured by the Arabs (716) and conquered by the Mongols (13th cent.). Aga Muhammad Khan, the founder of the Qajar dynasty, was born there, and the town flourished (c.1800) with the rise of the dynasty. It was formerly called Astrabad or Asterabad.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a town in northern Iran, in the region of Mazanderan. Population, 31,200 in 1966.

Gorgan is connected by a railroad line and a highway with the port of Bandar-e Shah and the city of Tehran. The town contains small cotton and rice-refining plants and creameries. Handicraft production is widespread. Gorgan is subject to earthquakes. (The most recent strong earthquake occurred in 1944.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The positions of Azerbaijan Army were also fired from positions of Armenian military units located near the occupied Goyarkh, Chilaburt villages of Terter region, Bash Garvand, Marzili villages of Aghdam region, Gorgan village of Fuzuli region, as well as from positions located on nameless hills in Goranboy, Terter and Aghdam regions.
He was the Consul General of the Republic of Kazakhstan to Gorgan (Iran) during 2009-2010.
DUBAI: Thirty people were arrested at a private yoga session in the Iranian city of Gorgan, the BBC has reported.
They were detained at a private residence in the northern city of Gorgan, where they were apparently taking part in a mixed class.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The mayors of Iran's Northern city of Gorgan and Southern Chinese city of Guangzhou signed a sisterhood agreement to broaden cooperation in various areas, including urban management and development.
The animals were handled and used according the animal handling protocol that approved by a local Ethics Ccommittee in Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
It also aimed at highlighting the major military and political role of Al-Muhallab and studying the historic roles of Al-Mahalibah in Iraq, Oman, Africa and Gorgan, as well as identifying archeological landmarks of Al-Mahalibah in the wilayat of Adam in the Sultanate.
Persia's Imperial Power in Late Antiquity: The Great Wall of Gorgan and Frontier Landscapes of Sasanian Iran.
Two major ethnic groups (native Fars and Turkmen) are residing in Gorgan, Golestan province in northern Iran; Golestan province has a population of about 1.8 million.
Continuing its crackdown on Facebook users, the regime has sentenced two residents of Gorgan to prison and fined a third.
The 11th International Ethnic Culture is being held in two provincial cities of Gorgan and Gonbad-e Kavous this year, said an official, noting that the event will be held in Gorgan from September 4-7 while Gonbad-e Kavous is to host it from September 9-11.
that starts in Garmsar in Semnan Province and continues to the city of Gorgan in Golestan Province," Yusef Geranpasha was quoted as saying by Iran Daily, which cited Irna.