Gorgias


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Gorgias

(gôr`jēəs), c.485–c.380 B.C., Greek Sophist. From his native city, Leontini, Sicily, he was sent as an ambassador to Athens, where he settled to teach and practice rhetoric. Gorgias pursued the negative implications of the Eleatic school and asserted: (1) Nothing exists; (2) If anything does exist, it cannot be known; (3) If it can be known, the knowledge of it cannot be communicated. Objective truth being thus impossible, there remains only the art of the SophistsSophists
, originally, itinerant teachers in Greece (5th cent. B.C.) who provided education through lectures and in return received fees from their audiences. The term was given as a mark of respect.
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, persuasion. Such arguments undermined the foundations of polytheism and led to open challenges of current moral standards. His challenge to speculative thought stimulated a more sophisticated approach to the problems of philosophy. A dialogue of Plato's bears his name.
References in periodicals archive ?
I will examine how, in the Meno and the Gorgias, Socrates introduces the desire thesis as a way to encourage his interlocutors to reflect critically on their own desires.
His was a distinctly European approach, descended from a critical tradition of Western thought--stretching from the philosophy of Gorgias to the literature of Luigi Pirandello--that was founded on paradox.
Realizing this, Plato tells us in Gorgias, Prometheus gave us another, a much greater gift.
Voce, claro, escutara como uma Historia--mythos--, mas eu tenho por verdade, logos, Gorgias, 523a1.
Las voces de los representantes de ambas tendencias politicas son recreadas por Platon en el Gorgias y el Protagoras, dos dialogos cuya composicion se remonta, segun la tradicion, a un periodo anterior al de la composicion de la Republica.
44) Gorgias made quite a lot of money in his work of instructing wealthy people of high status, in the arts of wisdom, by means of public debates and private instruction.
Accordingly his translation of the Gorgias was into a recognizably Ciceronian Latin.
Socrates tem ali conversado com o proprio Gorgias e Polo e, de certo modo, ridicularizado a ambos em suas pretensoes de saber o que e a retorica.
La psicologia moral del Gorgias se muestra, no obstante, insuficiente para que Calicles pueda resolver su dilema motivacional; habra que esperar para ello a su posible despeje en R.
Before Lobel's edition, all that was known about the text was a composition between the verses cited by Plato in his Gorgias and by the scholiast on Aelius Aristides' treatise To Plato: In defense of oratory.
Throughout all of this he continually refers back to Plato's Gorgias (Plato, trans, 1999), a text which is key both to Aune's work, and to Latour's (as I will explore subsequently).