Gorj

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gorj

 

a district in southwestern Rumania, on the southern slopes of the southern Carpathians and adjacent parts of the Getic plateau. Area, 5,600 sq km; population, 312,800 (1969). The administrative center is the city of Tirgu-Jiu. In the years of socialist construction, new deposits of oil (Bilteni and Ticleni) and lignite (output of up to 8 million tons at Rovinari, Motru, and Plostina were discovered and developed. The oil is delivered to Ploeşti by pipeline and rail. Anthracite (Schela) and graphite (Baia-de-Fier) are mined. There is woodworking (a combine in Tirgu-Jiu), production of construction materials Birşesti and Bilteni), food industries (tobacco and confectionery), and garment industry (Tirgu-Jiu). Corn, wheat, and tobacco are cultivated. There are orchards (primarily plum trees) and vineyards. In 1970 there were 93,500 head of cattle, 62,000 pigs, and 220,000 sheep.

IU. A. KRUKOVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The keynote speaker of the event will be Dr Victor Albinel Firescu, Director of the Ethnographic and Arts Section of the Gorj County Museum Alexandru [R]ytefulescu, who will give a speech on the history and symbolims of the Flatwomen Romanian Rugs.
The same subjects were also approached by one of the best liberal publications from Gorj County, called Voinfa.
In 2011, Valcea owned 25% of the herds in the region (49,176 heads) followed by 23.82% in Gorj county (46,856 heads).
Its diversity of landforms and natural resources explains industrial-related disparities, in terms of localization: the mining industry in Gorj County, the chemical industry in Valcea County, the metallurgical industry in Olt County, the machine-building industry in Doli and Mehedinti counties.
Foreign tourists in rural boarding houses, in Oltenia, are reported to have started coming only since 2006, and their number and share in the total number of tourists is very low - 245 persons, accounting for just 3.5% (42% of which having as main destination villages in Gorj County).
This was commissioned in 1934-35 by the National League of Women of Gorj County, to commemorate a battle of 1916 on the banks of the Jiu River, in which a force of old people, women and children resisted the Germans at great human cost.
In the latter case, the regional impact is magnified in the case of Gorj County (in 2010 just 4851 [m.sup.2] were built with public funding).
The infant mortality in the South-West Region is similar to the national average (12%), but within the counties, there are significant differences: 10.1 [per thousand] in Gorj county and 17.3 [per thousand] in Mehedinti county.