Gurkha

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Gurkha

(go͝or`kə), ethnic group of NepalNepal
, officially Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, republic (2015 est. pop. 28,656,000), c.54,000 sq mi (139,860 sq km), central Asia. Landlocked and isolated by the Himalayas, Nepal is bordered on the west, south, and east by India, and on the N by the Tibet region of
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 and neighboring areas. They claim descent from the RajputsRajputs
[Sanskrit,=son of a king], dominant people of Rajputana, an historic region now almost coextensive with the state of Rajasthan, NW India. The Rajputs are mainly Hindus (although there are some Muslim Rajputs) of the warrior caste; traditionally they have put great value
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 of N India and entered Nepal from the west after being driven from India. They conquered (early 16th cent.) the small Nepalese state of Gurkha (or Gorkha) and henceforth called themselves Gurkhas. They expanded eastward, and by the mid-18th cent. had established their authority over all of Nepal. Their invasion of Tibet in 1791 brought Chinese retaliation, and a war (1814–16) with the British in India resulted in bringing strong British influence to Nepal. The Gurkhas, predominantly Tibeto-Mongolians, speak Khas, a Rajasthani dialect of Sanskritic origin. Under the Gurkha dynasty, Hinduism became the state religion of Nepal. Gurkhas in the region around DarjeelingDarjeeling
or Darjiling
, town (1991 pop. 73,062), West Bengal state, NE India, near the border of Sikkim state. Its most famous product is tea, a major cash crop in the region.
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 in West Bengal state, India, have agitated for a separate state. Gurkhas have served in the armies of India and of Great Britain; 33 battalions served alongside the British in World War I, and 45 battalions in World War II. Gurkha soldiers bear the famed kukri, a short curved sword.

Bibliography

See studies by H. James and D. Sheil-Small (1965) and D. L. Bolt (1967, repr. 1969).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Gurkha

a member of a Hindu people, descended from Brahmins and Rajputs, living chiefly in Nepal, where they achieved dominance after being driven from India by the Muslims
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"In Gorkha district, we have been giving support to 26,912 beneficiaries as part of the India-aided project.
Meanwhile, a forty- five- year- old Gorkha Janamukti Morcha activist tried to immolate himself at the Dambarchawk area in Kalimpong sub- division in the district as the 72- hour strike in demand of a separate Gorkhaland state entered the second day on Tuesday.
At the core of the pact is the formation of a new autonomous elected hill council, the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration, armed with more powers compared to its former avatar, the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council, formed in the late 1980s.
This comes following the representation from the All Assam Gorkha Students' Union to Home Minister Rajnath Singh recently, as some cases of members of the Gorkha community living in Assam were referred to the Foreigners Tribunals.
" Members of non- Gorkha speaking communities would also take part in the March," Giri said.
The Gorkha district, located in Central Nepal was the epicentre of the earthquake, which struck the Himalayan nation in April 2015, claiming over 10,000 lives and flattening thousands of houses.
As per the agreement sealed on Thursday the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) will build 26, 912 home owners in Gorkha and 23, 088 home owners in Nuwakot Districts of Nepal.
Tamang was hacked to death by alleged Gorkha Janamukti Morcha ( GJM) activists near the Planters' Club in Darjeeling on Friday when he was busy with the preparations for a party rally.
"The Government of India had committed post-earthquake reconstruction package of USD 100 million in the grant to support the reconstruction of 50,000 private houses in Gorkha and Nuwakot districts in Nepal," the advisory from the Reconstruction Wing, Embassy of India said in a statement.