Gurkha

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Gurkha

(go͝or`kə), ethnic group of NepalNepal
, officially Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, republic (2015 est. pop. 28,656,000), c.54,000 sq mi (139,860 sq km), central Asia. Landlocked and isolated by the Himalayas, Nepal is bordered on the west, south, and east by India, and on the N by the Tibet region of
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 and neighboring areas. They claim descent from the RajputsRajputs
[Sanskrit,=son of a king], dominant people of Rajputana, an historic region now almost coextensive with the state of Rajasthan, NW India. The Rajputs are mainly Hindus (although there are some Muslim Rajputs) of the warrior caste; traditionally they have put great value
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 of N India and entered Nepal from the west after being driven from India. They conquered (early 16th cent.) the small Nepalese state of Gurkha (or Gorkha) and henceforth called themselves Gurkhas. They expanded eastward, and by the mid-18th cent. had established their authority over all of Nepal. Their invasion of Tibet in 1791 brought Chinese retaliation, and a war (1814–16) with the British in India resulted in bringing strong British influence to Nepal. The Gurkhas, predominantly Tibeto-Mongolians, speak Khas, a Rajasthani dialect of Sanskritic origin. Under the Gurkha dynasty, Hinduism became the state religion of Nepal. Gurkhas in the region around DarjeelingDarjeeling
or Darjiling
, town (1991 pop. 73,062), West Bengal state, NE India, near the border of Sikkim state. Its most famous product is tea, a major cash crop in the region.
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 in West Bengal state, India, have agitated for a separate state. Gurkhas have served in the armies of India and of Great Britain; 33 battalions served alongside the British in World War I, and 45 battalions in World War II. Gurkha soldiers bear the famed kukri, a short curved sword.

Bibliography

See studies by H. James and D. Sheil-Small (1965) and D. L. Bolt (1967, repr. 1969).

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Gurkha

a member of a Hindu people, descended from Brahmins and Rajputs, living chiefly in Nepal, where they achieved dominance after being driven from India by the Muslims
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
He warned of a violent protest, even more intense than the Gorkha agitation, if the current tripartite talks with the government do not yield any results on separate statehood.
BIMAL Gurung- led Gorkha Janmukti Morcha ( GJM), the hill- based party that has been pressing for a separate Gorkhaland, is likely to field its own candidate in this Lok Sabha election.
"As you all may recall, earlier this year, during his Kalimpong speech Home Minister Amit Shahji had assured the Gorkha community that we have nothing to worry about and that Gorkhas will be protected at all costs.
Army was called in late on Tuesday to quell the violence that resulted after a Gorkha Janmukti Morcha ( GJM) camp in Jalpaiguri district was dismantled by a joint team of the West Bengal Police and the CRPF.
BGP, North East Zone Secretary Lakpa Lama raised the issue of safeguard the constitutional rights of Gorkhas of the Sixth Schedule in the Hill Districts of Assam and sought intervention for Protection of Gorkhas of North East in their respective States under various states laws and regulations.
A tripartite treaty in 1988, signed between the Union and state governments and GNLF, paved the way for the formation of the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC), which ensured a lull in the violence for the next three decades, though there was no commitment from the government on the formation of Gorkhaland.
It has reported that travelling to India posed a problem for financially weak Gorkhas.
New Delhi [India], Oct 10 ( ANI ): The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued a clarification to the Assam government on the citizenship status of members of the Gorkha Community living in the State as per the Foreigners Act, 1946.
THE Gorkha Janmukti Morcha ( GJM) called off its four- day bandh for a separate Gorkhaland in the Darjeeling Hills on Monday.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Jan 11 (ANI): Former Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) president Bimal Gurung on Wednesday said their demand for Gorkhaland is within the framework of the Indian Constitution.