Gorlov, Ivan Iakovlevich
Born 1814; died Oct. 5 (17), 1890, in St. Petersburg. Russian economist and statistician.
Gorlov became professor of political economy at the universities in Kazan and St. Petersburg in 1838. He was the author of curriculums and of the textbooks The Theory of Finances (1841; 2nd ed., 1845) and The Foundations of Political Economy (vols. 1–2, 1859–62), which were compulsory in universities for many years. Gorlov followed the views of the vulgar economists in regard to the main problems of political economy. During the period of the emancipation of the peasants from serfdom, Gorlov supported the projects of the bourgeois and pomeshchiki (landlords) for agrarian reform and wrote about the allegedly negative consequences of the emancipation. The views of Gorlov as a vulgar economist and political reactionary were subjected to crushing criticism by N. G. Chernyshevskii in his works The Laziness of Rough Commoners (1859) and Capital and Labor (1860).
REFERENCESGrigor’ev, V. V. lmperatorskii S.-Peterburgskii universitet ν téchente pervykh piatidesiati let ego sushchestvovaniia. St. Petersburg, 1870.
Chernyshevskii, N. G. Poln. sobr. soch., vol. 7. Moscow, 1950.
Kaufman, A. A. Statisticheskaia nauka ν Rossii: Teoriia i metodologiia, 1806–1917 Moscow, 1922.
Ptukha, M. V. Ocherki po istorii statistiki ν SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.