Gorlovka


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Gorlovka

a city in SE Ukraine in the centre of the Donets Basin: a major coal-mining centre. Pop.: 280 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gorlovka

 

a city in Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. It is situated in the central part of the Donbas; on the Severskii Donets-Donbas Canal, 45 kilometers to the northeast of Donetsk. Railway and highway junction. Population, 355,300 (1971; 23,000 in 1926; 181,000 in 1939; 293,000 in 1959). The city is divided into three administrative districts.

Gorlovka is one of the major industrial centers of the Donbas. The leading branches of industry include coal mining (the Kochegarka, V. I. Lenin, M. I. Kalinin, Komsomolets, and Iu. A. Gagarin mines) and machine building (the S. M. Kirov Gorlovka Machine Works). There are two mining equipment repair shops, a motor-vehicle repair shop, and a mechanical repair shop. The chemical industry is represented by the S. Ordzhonikidze Chemical Combine and a byproduct coke plant. There is a food industry, including a meat combine, a brewery, and a dairy. The city has a garment factory and enterprises of the building materials and woodworking industries (alabaster and woodworking combines).

Gorlovka has a number of educational institutions: the Pedagogical Institute for Foreign Languages, a department of the Donetsk Polytechnical Institute, and a correspondence department of the University of Donetsk. There are seven secondary specialized educational institutions, including industrial, machine-building, and motor-transport technicums. In the postwar years (1946–70), Gorlovka has become a well-planned city, with broad, tree-lined streets and avenues. There is a historical museum and a picture gallery.

Gorlovka arose in 1867 in connection with the construction of a number of coal mines. It is a city with glorious revolutionary and labor-movement traditions. Revolutionary actions by workers began here in 1900. In December 1905 the Gorlovka armed uprising took place. The workers of Mine No. 1 and of the machine-building plant, together with workers’ detachments from other cities in the Donbas, formed a workers’ soviet and for several days fought a fierce battle with tsarist government troops. The Gorlovka-Shcherbinovka Strike of 1916 began on Apr. 19, 1916, and was crushed on May 11, 1916. From 1917 to 1920 the workers of Gorlovka played an active role in the struggle against domestic counterrevolution and foreign intervention. In 1932, on the initiative of the Gorlovka coal miner N. A. Izotov, the movement was begun in the USSR to transmit the experience of skilled workers to the younger generation of the working class.

S. M. ANISIMOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The Armed Forces of Ukraine launched a shelling attack on Gorlovka. As a result of the shelling of the Gagarin mine area, a woman born in 1960 got shrapnel wounds," the sources said, TASS reported.
The five others who died were buried in Gorlovka on Thursday, officials said.
Acorn Brewery Gorlovka Imperial Stout, 6% ABV/500 ml bottle, available from mybrewerytap.com THE Acorn Brewery of Barnsley was set up in 2003 and all the beers are fermented using a yeast strain that was used for Barnsley Bitter in the 1850s.
History: A former industrial town which centred on coal mining and glass making, it is twinned with Schwabisch Gmund in Germany and Gorlovka in the Ukraine.
After hearing of Olga's efforts to start a school for autistic children in the Ukrainian town of Gorlovka she was inspired to help by raising money for equipment and running costs.
Perhaps the romance of the FA Cup is well-chronicled in his home town of Gorlovka, but there was nothing remotely romantic about Dean Smith's early attentions.
Ironically, in Wynn's view, the October pogroms paved the way for the greatest show of worker political militance anywhere in Russia in December 1905: revolutionaries and skilled workers armed themselves to combat pogromists, and so were able to seize control of central Ekaterinoslav and many of the stations along the Ekaterinin railroad, and even to attempt to take on the military in pitched battle at Gorlovka.
The past night was also calm in Gorlovka, which had been shelled intensively recently.
A video released on a local news site, gorlovka.ua, purported to show Rybak, the councillor whose body was found in a river, being confronted by an angry crowd outside the town hall in Horlivka, where he was a councillor.
VAR of rebels bust a police department in Gorlovka city