(gôr`nə-bädäkhshän`, –bədəkhshän`) or


Tajik Kuhistoni Badakhshon, autonomous province (1991 est. pop. 167,100), c.24,600 sq mi (63,710 sq km), roughly constituting the eastern half of Tajikistan, in the PamirPamir
or Pamirs,
mountainous region of central Asia, located mainly in Tajikistan and extending into NE Afghanistan and SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China; called the "roof of the world.
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. It is bordered by China on the east and by Afghanistan on the south and west and is separated from Pakistan and Azad Kashmir by a narrow strip of Afghan territory. The eastern section (East Pamir) is a high plateau, and the western part (West Pamir) is cut by high ranges and deep, narrow valleys. KhorughKhorugh
, city (1991 pop. 20,318), capital of Gorno-Badakhshan, E Tajikistan, in the Pamir. Khorugh produces shoes, metal goods, building materials, and processed food.
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 is the capital. The population is mainly Pamiri, who speak several Iranian languages, with Kyrgyz and other minorities. In addition to the local languages, Tajik and Russian are widely spoken. Gold, salt, mica, limestone, and coal are mined. In the east livestock is raised (yaks, sheep, cattle, and goats), and in the western valleys grain, vegetables, and beans are grown.

Formerly at least nominally under the control of the Mongols and the Arabs, the region passed to Russian control in 1895. Under Soviet rule, the area became the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region in 1925. Since Tajikstan's independence, central government control in the region has been tenuous, especially outside the capital. Former warlords (from the country's 1990s civil war) retain considerable influence and engage in drug and tobacco smuggling, and fighting between local armed groups and government forces erupted in mid-2012. The region also has been called Mountain-Badakhshan.

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References in periodicals archive ?
The ministries, departments and executive bodies of state government of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, regions, Dushanbe city and other districts should ensure that events related to the current holidays will be held on time.
The project consists four components, which also include the construction of 18 highway bridge in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region and the strengthening 31 km of the riverbank in four districts of the Khatlon region.
Independence Peak (Kullai Istiklol) with a height of 6,940 meters is located in the center of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region in the eastern part of the Yazgulemsky Range in Tajikistan.
The report more broadly focused on the Tajik government's tenuous control of its eastern Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (GBAO) -- which borders Afghanistan's Badakhshan province (of which the Wakhan Corridor is a part) and China's Xinjiang province.
The opening ceremony of the new buildings of the representations of Border troops of Tajikistan took place at the checkpoint "Lower Panj" of Khatlon region and "Tem" checkpoint of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region.
In Gorno-Badakhshan, as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic was forming, the party leaders separated the locally powerful from their spheres of influence.
First, the inhabitants of the Pamir Knot encompassing Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan, Wakhan District in Badakhshan province of Afghanistan, Kashgar in Xinjiang Autonomous Region of China, and Chitral in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan share a common history, culture, religion and geography.
Tajikistan is home to one of the world's highest concentrations of Ismaili Shi'a Muslims, followers of the Aga Khan, who mostly live in the eastern half of the country, in the Gorno-Badakhshan autonomous republic.
This week, the KSRC launched the third phase of its aid to Tajikistan, which had been devastated by a 7.2 magnitude earthquake that hit the Gorno-Badakhshan region, destroying 1,327 houses and displacing 7,962 people.
A strong earthquake that hit Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region Dec.7, 2015, led to human loss and destruction.