(gôr`nə-bädäkhshän`, –bədəkhshän`) or


Tajik Kuhistoni Badakhshon, autonomous province (1991 est. pop. 167,100), c.24,600 sq mi (63,710 sq km), roughly constituting the eastern half of Tajikistan, in the PamirPamir
or Pamirs,
mountainous region of central Asia, located mainly in Tajikistan and extending into NE Afghanistan and SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China; called the "roof of the world.
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. It is bordered by China on the east and by Afghanistan on the south and west and is separated from Pakistan and Azad Kashmir by a narrow strip of Afghan territory. The eastern section (East Pamir) is a high plateau, and the western part (West Pamir) is cut by high ranges and deep, narrow valleys. KhorughKhorugh
, city (1991 pop. 20,318), capital of Gorno-Badakhshan, E Tajikistan, in the Pamir. Khorugh produces shoes, metal goods, building materials, and processed food.
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 is the capital. The population is mainly Pamiri, who speak several Iranian languages, with Kyrgyz and other minorities. In addition to the local languages, Tajik and Russian are widely spoken. Gold, salt, mica, limestone, and coal are mined. In the east livestock is raised (yaks, sheep, cattle, and goats), and in the western valleys grain, vegetables, and beans are grown.

Formerly at least nominally under the control of the Mongols and the Arabs, the region passed to Russian control in 1895. Under Soviet rule, the area became the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region in 1925. Since Tajikstan's independence, central government control in the region has been tenuous, especially outside the capital. Former warlords (from the country's 1990s civil war) retain considerable influence and engage in drug and tobacco smuggling, and fighting between local armed groups and government forces erupted in mid-2012. The region also has been called Mountain-Badakhshan.

References in periodicals archive ?
First, the inhabitants of the Pamir Knot encompassing Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan, Wakhan District in Badakhshan province of Afghanistan, Kashgar in Xinjiang Autonomous Region of China, and Chitral in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan share a common history, culture, religion and geography.
The number of victims of flour poisoning in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (GBAO) of Tajikistan grew to 39, reports CA-News.
The equipment will mainly be used for the early warning system for natural disasters in the region of Sarez Lake and to facilitate communication with the population of the settlements along the Bartang River in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan.
The Panj River forms the border with Afghanistan and, by implication, the edge of the Tajikistan province, the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region.
Tajikistan is home to one of the world's highest concentrations of Ismaili Shi'a Muslims, followers of the Aga Khan, who mostly live in the eastern half of the country, in the Gorno-Badakhshan autonomous republic.
2 magnitude earthquake that hit the Gorno-Badakhshan region, destroying 1,327 houses and displacing 7,962 people.
A strong earthquake that hit Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region Dec.
its mountainous region is called Gorno-Badakhshan (Mountain Badakhshan) with Khorugh its capital.
The purpose of the project is to reduce potential tension in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan through the creation of sustainable and effective network of young leaders that participate in political dialogues, social and economic development of local processes.
We continued along the M41, also known as the Pamir Highway, towards Khorog, the capital of GBAO, the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province in eastern Tajikistan.
On July 29, Afghanistan hoped that Tajikistan would soon reopen the border crossings it sealed due to the military operation to detain a former warlord in the Gorno-Badakhshan region.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi in a telephone conversation with his Tajik counterpart Hamrokhon Zarifi called for a peaceful solution to the current conflict in Tajikistan's Eastern province of Gorno-Badakhshan.