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a city in Gorky Oblast, RSFSR. A landing on the left bank of the Volga, 53 km above Gorky and 14 km west of the Zavolzh’e railway station (the terminal station of the electric branch from Gorky). Gorodets is also connected with Gorky by a highway (through Zavolzh’e and along the dike of the hydroelectric plant). Population, 34,000 (1970).
In Gorodets are boatbuilding and boat repairing, woodworking, shoemaking, and sewing industries. The city is known for its artistic trades: painting and wood carving. There is a pedagogical institute and a museum of local lore.
Gorodets is one of the oldest settlements on the Volga, founded in the second half of the 12th century (some sources say 1152; others 1172). In 1239, Gorodets was burned by the armies of Batu. Alexander Nevsky died in Gorodets in 1263 while returning to Novgorod from the Golden Horde.