Gostinyi Dvor

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gostinyi Dvor


in Russia, a place in cities where merchants stored their goods and carried on trade.

In the 16th and 17th centuries, the gostinyi dvor was usually a rectangular square, encircled by a stone or wooden wall with towers and entrance gates. Inside the walls were accommodations for trade and storage, usually having two stories and joined by open galleries, for example, the gostinyi dvor in Arkhangel’sk. In the 18th century, the gostinye dvory lost their fortress character. The gostinye dvory, which typically preserved the form of a closed rectangular square, began to be built with arcades or colonnades open to the streets. In several Russian cities, trading complexes in the buildings of former Gostinye dvory have preserved their traditional name (for example, the Gostinyi Dvor department store in Leningrad).


Gemp. K. P. Gostinyi dvor. Arkhangel’sk, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Kyrgyz Embassy in Russia in cooperation with the Tourist Corporation "Fantasy World" took part in the 8th International Tourism Fair "MITF-2008" in Gostinyi Dvor exposition in Moscow, the Kyrgyz Embassy said.The exposition included color booklets, guidebooks and illustrated magazines about Kyrgyzstan.
One social observer commented in 1851 on this cultural division between the two major shopping areas in Petersburg by remarking: "Gostinyi Dvor is a Russian bazaar, a memorial to older times, an episode from Moscow life.
"Gostinyi Dvor i Passazh," Moda: Zhurnal dlia svetskikh liudei 8 (15 April 1851): 61.