Gothic architecture

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Gothic architecture

(1050–1530)
A revolutionary style of construction of the High Middle Ages in western Europe which emerged from Romanesque and Byzantine forms. The term “Gothic” was originally applied as one of reproach and contempt. The style was characterized by a delicate balance between the lateral thrust from loads and the force of gravity. It was most often found in cathedrals employing the rib vault, pointed arches, flying buttresses and the gradual reduction of the walls to a system of richly decorated fenestration. The style’s features were height and light, achieved through a mixture of skeletal structures and increasing use of windows. Walls were no longer necessary to support the roof and could be replaced with large, tall windows of stained glass. One of the finest and oldest examples of French Gothic architecture is Notre Dame in Paris.

Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture: vault construction
Gothic architecture: Gothic pier
Gothic architecture: Late type Gothic base, Rouen
Gothic architecture showing construction of a Gothic church, illustrating principles of isolated supports and buttressing
The architectural style of the High Middle Ages in Western Europe, which emerged from Romanesque and Byzantine forms in France during the later 12th cent. Its great works are cathedrals, characterized by the pointed arch, the rib vault, the development of the exterior flying buttress, and the gradual reduction of the walls to a system of richly decorated fenestration. Gothic architecture lasted until the 16th cent., when it was succeeded by the classical forms of the Renaissance. In France and Germany one speaks of the Early, High, and Late Gothic; the French middle phase is referred to as Rayonnant, the late phase as Flamboyant. In English architecture the usual divisions are Early English, Decorated, and Perpendicular.
References in periodicals archive ?
The gothic Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See, the largest cathedral and third largest church in the world, sits at the heart of Santa Cruz.
Over the next 3 centuries many more gothic cathedrals were built in France, Germany, and Italy.
After a delicious lunch at the stunning Bourla theatre, we arrived at Antwerp's gothic cathedral.
The Gothic cathedral on an islet on the River Seine is one of the most visited sites in Paris, attracting 13.6 million visitors in 2011, and is this year celebrating its 850th anniversary.
Finding religion Tarazona's Gothic Cathedral, with its Mudejar-style lantern tower, belfry and dome was started in the 12th century but not completed until the 16th century.
The tour closes out with a return to Paris, with an overnight stop on the way at the Timhotel Chartres Chatelet to see ChartresO imposing Gothic cathedral. Prices quoted are per person double occupancy, and donOt include trans-Atlantic air fare or airport transfers.
But here in Leon, outside the Gothic cathedral, A boy crouched inside a demoniac Submarine grins at us, and a blithe girl Afloat on an ostrich's feathery back Waves at her parents while her brother begs For his turn.
The present Minster is the largest Gothic Cathedral in northern Europe and was built over a period of 250 years.
Held in the city centre, close to the city's magnificent Gothic Cathedral - the Dom - in a pedestrianised zone, the markets create a Yuletide Paradise, with wonderfully decorated stalls selling all manner of festive fayre.
diesel-exhausted granite of the gothic cathedral's exterior
Mr Berlusconi has spent two nights in hospital after the attack, in which a small replica of Milan's gothic cathedral was hurled at his face from close range at the end of a rally, fracturing his nose and breaking two of his teeth.
Chaucerians have used the analogy of the Gothic cathedral to explain what they suppose to be an important feature in Chaucer's works: a poised balance or a structurally harmonized synthesis of disparate parts.