Gothic architecture

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Gothic architecture

(1050–1530)
A revolutionary style of construction of the High Middle Ages in western Europe which emerged from Romanesque and Byzantine forms. The term “Gothic” was originally applied as one of reproach and contempt. The style was characterized by a delicate balance between the lateral thrust from loads and the force of gravity. It was most often found in cathedrals employing the rib vault, pointed arches, flying buttresses and the gradual reduction of the walls to a system of richly decorated fenestration. The style’s features were height and light, achieved through a mixture of skeletal structures and increasing use of windows. Walls were no longer necessary to support the roof and could be replaced with large, tall windows of stained glass. One of the finest and oldest examples of French Gothic architecture is Notre Dame in Paris.

Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture: vault construction
Gothic architecture: Gothic pier
Gothic architecture: Late type Gothic base, Rouen
Gothic architecture showing construction of a Gothic church, illustrating principles of isolated supports and buttressing
The architectural style of the High Middle Ages in Western Europe, which emerged from Romanesque and Byzantine forms in France during the later 12th cent. Its great works are cathedrals, characterized by the pointed arch, the rib vault, the development of the exterior flying buttress, and the gradual reduction of the walls to a system of richly decorated fenestration. Gothic architecture lasted until the 16th cent., when it was succeeded by the classical forms of the Renaissance. In France and Germany one speaks of the Early, High, and Late Gothic; the French middle phase is referred to as Rayonnant, the late phase as Flamboyant. In English architecture the usual divisions are Early English, Decorated, and Perpendicular.
References in periodicals archive ?
They weren't even the first French artists to do so, and on the way home from the museum it struck me as particularly ironic that Monet should have chosen Rouen's Gothic Cathedral as a subject for his celebration of light.
But the real attractions of Wells are its buildings - the Bishop's Palace, Vicars' Close and, of course, the cathedral - the first completely English Gothic cathedral built in the 12th and 13th centuries.
TOWERING GLORY: Life in Palma revolves around the Gothic cathedral
Then back up the Canal Du Midi, past Port Cassafieres, and up to Beziers, with its gothic cathedral and superb views over the Languedoc region.
Try to visit the early Gothic cathedral of Notre-Dame at Laon, a medieval city perched on a mountain, offering spectacular views.
The seafront around Palma's historic Gothic cathedral has been sensitively restored to create a series of landscaped promenades.
Admittedly its dark Breton granite is not the most joyful of materials, but the attempt to recreate wholesale a city quarter has resulted in a fabric as lifeless as a Gothic cathedral after being scraped by a Victorian knighted architect.
Its historic core is spread over the eastern slope of the Onyar river and around a fine Gothic cathedral.
You can take a stroll to see the huge 13th-century Gothic cathedral York Minster or walk along the River Ouse.
On our way back to my wife's city of Madrid, we visited the largest Gothic cathedral in Europe, at Seville.
Researchers reproduced the recordings using computerized acoustical data and enhanced it with computer-generated virtual navigation -- 3-D visualizations made with immersive architectural rendering that float the viewer through the complex acoustics of the acclaimed medieval gothic cathedral.
Interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve was among those attending the Mass in the Gothic cathedral, which dates from the 12th century.