Gothic architecture


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Gothic architecture

(1050–1530)
A revolutionary style of construction of the High Middle Ages in western Europe which emerged from Romanesque and Byzantine forms. The term “Gothic” was originally applied as one of reproach and contempt. The style was characterized by a delicate balance between the lateral thrust from loads and the force of gravity. It was most often found in cathedrals employing the rib vault, pointed arches, flying buttresses and the gradual reduction of the walls to a system of richly decorated fenestration. The style’s features were height and light, achieved through a mixture of skeletal structures and increasing use of windows. Walls were no longer necessary to support the roof and could be replaced with large, tall windows of stained glass. One of the finest and oldest examples of French Gothic architecture is Notre Dame in Paris.

Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture: vault construction
Gothic architecture: Gothic pier
Gothic architecture: Late type Gothic base, Rouen
Gothic architecture showing construction of a Gothic church, illustrating principles of isolated supports and buttressing
The architectural style of the High Middle Ages in Western Europe, which emerged from Romanesque and Byzantine forms in France during the later 12th cent. Its great works are cathedrals, characterized by the pointed arch, the rib vault, the development of the exterior flying buttress, and the gradual reduction of the walls to a system of richly decorated fenestration. Gothic architecture lasted until the 16th cent., when it was succeeded by the classical forms of the Renaissance. In France and Germany one speaks of the Early, High, and Late Gothic; the French middle phase is referred to as Rayonnant, the late phase as Flamboyant. In English architecture the usual divisions are Early English, Decorated, and Perpendicular.
References in periodicals archive ?
The argument presented here is that Carter's architectural drawings of Exeter Cathedral, while praised by many for their accuracy and attention to detail, also display Carter's stance on Gothic architecture.
The contract is a continuation of the work of restoration of the walls and vaults of the first floor galleries bishop~s castle in lidzbark - restoration work in the framework of the project "conservation and restoration of the fourteenth-century castle in lidzbark - pearl of gothic architecture in poland - stage ii" co-financed from the "maintenance and revitalization of cultural heritage "in support of norwegian funds granted under the eea and funds from iceland, liechtenstein and norway, and national resources.
The polygonal apse at the east end has round windows of the wheel type which abounded in the transitional period between Romanesque and Gothic architecture in the West.
Denis, a key monument at the origins of French Gothic architecture.
But it is significant that Cole had also seen European Gothic architecture first-hand.
The book carries the praiseworthy picture of a church in Nathiagali on its cover page and takes the viewers on a journey to explore the architectural styles of churches including Gothic architecture, their sublime beauty and informative materials on the subject.
That said, what falls within Duggett s purview benefits from his thorough research and analysis of diverse primary documents, including political cartoons, periodical reviews and articles on Gothic architecture, pamphlets, and Parliament debates.
They indicate one of Hawthorne's prevailing interests as she toured the mother country and the controlling vision that unified letters composed on three separate 1857 excursions: a focus on Gothic architecture.
Those inclined to soak in the charm of gothic architecture would enjoy a walk further north into the heart of the city.
The gothic architecture of the house is as if it has come "straight out of Hogwarts".
Tintern, dominated by the soaring ruins of its medieval abbey, an outstanding example of Gothic architecture, has attracted poets and artists for centuries.
Just half an hour away by tr lies Bruges' larger and busier twin, Ghent, with romantic canals, picturesque bridges and opulent gothic architecture all steeped in the history of the city's industrial past.