Göttingen

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Göttingen

(göt`ĭng-ən), city (1994 pop. 128,420), Lower Saxony, central Germany, on the Leine River. It is noted for its university, founded in 1734 (opened 1737) by Elector George Augustus (George II of England). Manufactures include printed materials, optical and precision instruments, textiles, and aluminum. Known in the 10th cent., Göttingen was granted (1210) a city charter and joined the Hanseatic League. When, in 1837, King Ernest Augustus of Hanover revoked the liberal constitution of Hanover, seven professors at the Univ. of Göttingen issued a strong protest and were summarily dismissed. They were the brothers Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, the founders of comparative philology; the historian and critic G. G. Gervinus; the historian F. C. Dahlmann; the physicist W. E. Weber; the Orientalist and theologian G. H. A. von Ewald; and the jurist Wilhelm Eduard Albrecht. This celebrated incident led to the decline of the university's reputation. It was revived at the end of the 19th cent. by the growth of world-famous departments of mathematics and physics. The university's reputation in mathematics dates back to 1807, when Karl Friedrich Gauss, who was born in the city, began to teach there. Göttingen was the seat of the Göttinger Dichterbund or Göttinger Hainbund, a group of early Romantic poets, formed there in 1772 by J. H. Voss and others. The city was virtually undamaged in World War II and has retained numerous historic buildings, including a 14th-century town hall, half-timbered houses, and student taverns. There are several museums.

Göttingen

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, located in Lower Saxony on the Leine River. Population, 114,000 (1969). The city’s chief industries are metalworking and the manufacture of electrical and optical equipment and scientific precision instruments. Göttingen also has printing firms and publishing houses, and it is one of Germany’s major scientific centers. The city is an important scholarly center, with a division of the Academy of Sciences, a university (founded in 1737), the Max Planck Scientific Society, and an aerodynamics research center.

In the Middle Ages, Göttingen was an important cloth manufacturing center, and it was a member of the Hanseatic League from the 14th century. At that time it was best known as a university town. As part of the province of Hannover, Göttingen joined Prussia in 1866.

References in periodicals archive ?
Gottingen [Germany], Oct 1 ( ANI ): The Free Balochistan Movement, headed by Baloch national leader Hyrbyair Marri, staged a demonstration in Germany's Gottingen city on Saturday against China and Pakistan's collaboration over the ongoing Baloch genocide.
Being a Gottingen alumni, Dr Nadeem actively played his significant role in capacity building of the Master's and Doctoral students by signing an MOU with the Goettingen University.
Glucklicherweise sind von diesem Auktionskatalog zwei durchschossene Exemplare in offentlichen Bibliotheken (der Staats- und Universitatsbibliothek Gottingen und der Universitatsbibliothek Tubingen) uberliefert, hinzu kommt ein annotiertes Exemplar, das die Verfasserin selbst antiquarisch erwerben konnte.
Four years ago, world-renowned geneticist Michael Hayden sat in the Gottingen city museum opposite its director, Dr.
According to the EXPERTS SUSTAIN Consortium Grant announced by the International Program Coordinator, Gottingen International, George-August Gottingen University, Germany, European Commissions EXPERTS (Exchange by Promoting quality Education, Research and Training in South and South-East Asia) SUSTAIN Post Doc Fellowship grant for 6 months has been awarded to Prof.
Between the 1830s and 2010s Gottingen Street in Halifax, Canada, Transitioned from a residential street, to a commercial corridor, to an area of community services, to a revitalizing "hip" area.
Letters by Muller, Baumann, Hopfner and others witness the continuing reluctance among the philosophers in Gottingen to have Husserl work there or to be promoted.
Gracias al empuje incansable del catedratico Manfred Engelbert, Gottingen era (y es) quiza la universidad alemana que con mas ahinco se concentra en la literatura chilena.
In an edited version of a lecture course he delivered during 1982-83 at the University of Gottingen, Mollenhauer argues that cultural surroundings are at least as important as formal education in bringing up a child.
November 2013 400 Gaste bei der Konferenz Nachhaltigkeit--Verantwortung fur eine begrenzte Welt auf Einladung der Universitat Gottingen und der Vereinigung Deutscher Wissenschaftler.
Januar 2013 in einem Krankenhaus in Gottingen zu Ende gegangen.