Göttingen

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Göttingen

(göt`ĭng-ən), city (1994 pop. 128,420), Lower Saxony, central Germany, on the Leine River. It is noted for its university, founded in 1734 (opened 1737) by Elector George Augustus (George II of England). Manufactures include printed materials, optical and precision instruments, textiles, and aluminum. Known in the 10th cent., Göttingen was granted (1210) a city charter and joined the Hanseatic League. When, in 1837, King Ernest Augustus of Hanover revoked the liberal constitution of Hanover, seven professors at the Univ. of Göttingen issued a strong protest and were summarily dismissed. They were the brothers Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, the founders of comparative philology; the historian and critic G. G. Gervinus; the historian F. C. Dahlmann; the physicist W. E. Weber; the Orientalist and theologian G. H. A. von Ewald; and the jurist Wilhelm Eduard Albrecht. This celebrated incident led to the decline of the university's reputation. It was revived at the end of the 19th cent. by the growth of world-famous departments of mathematics and physics. The university's reputation in mathematics dates back to 1807, when Karl Friedrich Gauss, who was born in the city, began to teach there. Göttingen was the seat of the Göttinger Dichterbund or Göttinger Hainbund, a group of early Romantic poets, formed there in 1772 by J. H. Voss and others. The city was virtually undamaged in World War II and has retained numerous historic buildings, including a 14th-century town hall, half-timbered houses, and student taverns. There are several museums.

Göttingen

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, located in Lower Saxony on the Leine River. Population, 114,000 (1969). The city’s chief industries are metalworking and the manufacture of electrical and optical equipment and scientific precision instruments. Göttingen also has printing firms and publishing houses, and it is one of Germany’s major scientific centers. The city is an important scholarly center, with a division of the Academy of Sciences, a university (founded in 1737), the Max Planck Scientific Society, and an aerodynamics research center.

In the Middle Ages, Göttingen was an important cloth manufacturing center, and it was a member of the Hanseatic League from the 14th century. At that time it was best known as a university town. As part of the province of Hannover, Göttingen joined Prussia in 1866.

References in periodicals archive ?
Much as the Gottingen and IFRI report has not linked supermarkets to higher calorie consumption, it notes significant shifts in dietary consumption.
The news of the discovery of the two planets was announced in a press release by the University of Gottingen. "The two planets resemble the inner planets of our solar system," comments lead author Mathias Zechmeister of the Institute for Astrophysics at the University of Gottingen.
The concept of MAUSI-VR is based on preliminary work of the research group "Software Engineering for Distributed Systems" with Professor Jens Grabowski, Institute of Computer Science at the University of Gottingen, on the automated usability evaluation of websites and desktop software.
This volume is mercifully lighter than the two it comments on--my copy came on an Italian holiday with me--and contains facsimiles, transcriptions and translations of the Gottingen Model Book and the Helmasperger Notarial Instrument.
Gottingen [Germany] May 27( ANI ): The Baloch National Movement held a protest demonstration in Germany's Gottingen against five simultaneous underground nuclear tests conducted by the Pakistan Government in Chagai area of Balochistan in 1998.
When he was only eighteen years old, when he came to Gottingen to enter the university in 1795, he had already solved the problem of the best estimate of a series of observations which have internal errors.
The performance of the FestspielOrchester Gottingen is stellar throughout, with soft, delicate, clean playing, often at quick tempi.
22-25: Gottingen, Germany (University Library of Gottingen).
GWDG, the computing center for the University of Gottingen and computing and IT competence center for the Max Planck Society, deployed StorNext-powered disk and tape systems in a multi-tier solution to meet its performance and access requirements for 7PB of data.
Before that, he worked and studied at the Department of Economics and Gottingen Laboratory of Behavioral Economics at the University of Gottingen, where he received his Ph.D.
Aaron Birch of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Gottingen, Germany, and colleagues estimated the speed by combining observations of the sun's surface with computer simulations of how gas moves within the hot orb.
LAHORE -- Georg-August-University Gottingen (GAUG), Germany has issued an appreciation letter to Punjab University Department of Zoology's Assistant Prof Dr Nadeem Sheikh for his commendable role in establishing the linkage between GAUG and Punjab University, Lahore.