Johann Christoph Gottsched

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Johann Christoph Gottsched
Birthday
BirthplaceJuditten, Brandenburg-Prussia
Died

Gottsched, Johann Christoph

 

Born Feb. 2, 1700, in Königsberg; died Dec. 12. 1766, in Leipzig. German author and critic.

Gottsched was a representative of the early German Enlightenment. He edited some moralistic weeklies and collaborated with the theatrical company of Karoline Neuber. A convinced adherent of classicism, Gottsched argued against the extremes of baroque and for clarity and verisimilitude. His principal works were An Attempt at a Critical Poetics for the Germans (1730) and German Theater, by the Rules of Ancient Greece and Rome (vols. 1–6, 1741–45). German translations by Gottsched and his wife of the works of Corneille. Racine, and Molière played a definite role in shaping the German literary language and ideas of enlightenment. However, Gottsched’s servility to those in power and the abstract and lifeless nature of his classicism became a target of ridicule by G. E. Lessing and the writers of the Sturm und Drang school.

WORKS

Gesammelte Schriften, vols. 1–5. Berlin, 1903–06. In Russian translation, in the book by N. V. Gerbel’. Nemetskie poety ν biogra-fiiakh i obraztsakh. St. Petersburg. 1877.

REFERENCE

Reichel, E. Gottsched, vols. 1–2. Berlin-Schöneberg, 1912.

N. E. IAKOVLEVA

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Luise Gottsched (1713-1762) was largely known as a dramatist and one of Germany's prominent women of letters, and much has been written about her accomplishments in that field, however, Brown (lecturer, U.
For example, the playwright and critic Johann Christoph Gottsched, who had a love-hate relationship to opera, collected no fewer than 661 opera libretti, and compiled a chronicle of opera productions which could still serve Maul as u reliable resource.
Brown attributes this dominance of character to the Horatian-inflected neoclassical reading of Aristotle that arose during the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries, promoted by writers such as Rene Rapin and Johann Christoph Gottsched.
The third, and briefest, part of Poetik und Rhetorik reviews the epochal shift in German reflections on language and literature that occurred in the first half of the eighteenth century, summarizing the stakes of polemical exchanges between Johann Christoph Gottsched, whom scholars have traditionally viewed as the Figur des Abschlusses alterer Entwicklungen, and his contemporary Johann Jakob Breitinger, whose reflections represent einer der Schritte hin zu einem epistemologischen Umschwung, weg von der Poetik hin zu Hermeneutik und Literaturwissenschaft.
73) Luise Adelgunde Gottsched ridiculed Pietist women and their pretensions to religious authority in her satirical play Pietisterey im Fischbein-Rocke.
The play, published anonymously in 1636, is translated in Luise Adelgunde Gottsched, Pietism in Petticoats and Other Comedies, ed.
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Consider the following passage: "Though trained in the neoclassicism of eighteenth-and nineteenth-century authors such as Gottsched, Lessing, Klopstock, Wieland, Voss, A.
Further, it is interesting to note that two of the three figures who are instrumental in developing Physical Influx, namely Gottsched and Knutzen, are Wolffians, not Pietists.
Gottsched is perhaps best known at present for his literary efforts, since he is often considered to be the first major literary figure of the German Enlightenment.
Gottsched does, however, develop his version of Physical Influx further in his Erste Grunde der gesammten Weltweisheit.