Gough Whitlam

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Related to Gough Whitlam: Paul Keating

Whitlam, Gough

(gŏf), 1916–2014, Australian political leader. Edward Gough Whitlam studied law and entered practice near Sydney after serving in World War II. A member of the Labour party, he was elected to Parliament in 1952 and rose in party circles. In 1960 he succeeded Arthur Calwell as party leader and attempted to broaden the party's appeal to the middle class in order to reverse its poor electoral showings of the 1950s and 60s. In the Dec., 1972, elections he led the party to victory against the Liberal-Country coalition that had dominated Australian politics for years. As joint prime minister and foreign minister, he emphasized better treatment for aborigines, increased nonwhite immigration, greater access to health care and university education, and other social reforms, and a limit to British and U.S. influence in Australia. Immediately after taking office, he ordered Australian troops to return from South Vietnam and ended conscription. In 1973 Whitlam relinquished the office of foreign minister. In the May, 1974, elections his government was returned to power with a small majority in the lower house. In 1975 he was dismissed by the governor-general after a budgetary and early-election impasse with the opposition-controlled senate endangered the government's ability to meet its financial obligations. Although his tenure as prime minister was relatively short, the changes he initiated ultimately transformed Australian society. He resigned as party leader in 1977 and in 1978 left politics to teach at Australian National Univ., Canberra. From 1983 to 1986 he was ambassador to UNESCO. A prolific author, he wrote many books, including Labor Essays (1980), The Cost of Federalism (1983), and The Whitlam Government 1972–75 (1985).
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References in periodicals archive ?
By then awareness was growing, largely prompted by the Australian Opposition leader Gough Whitlam's declaration that he would expedite the territory's independence when he became prime minister.
Edward Gough Whitlam was the 21st Prime Minister of Australia.
Leaders like Garfield Barwick, Malcolm Fraser and Gough Whitlam in the beginning, followed by Phillip Toyne, Peter Garrett and Don Henry.
Queen Elizabeth is Australia's largely ceremonial head of state, but has the power to approve the abolition of parliament, which last happened in the controversial 1975 toppling of Gough Whitlam's government.
It is timely, perhaps, to recall the quote from Gough Whitlam that The Australian is unpredictable.
That is destroying Gough Whitlam's legacy: that any child who has the merit can go to university.
It doesn't help that Amnesia is predicated on a largely forgotten political conflict between Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam and President Richard Nixon." RON CHARLES
Through Felix, he describes the events of 1975, when Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam was deposed in what Carey suggests was a CIA-led coup provoked by Whitlam's withdrawal of Australian troops from Vietnam.
Gough Whitlam and the party's deputy leader, Lance Bernard, were sworn in as a two-man government, with 27 portfolios between them, and immediately began implementing the platform that had won them a small but clear parliamentary majority.
This changed in the 1960s when Gough Whitlam looked beyond nationalisation to avoid constitutional constraints.
Indonesia's 1975-1999 extermination of 180,000 East Timorese inspired in the Australian masses total indifference--and in Australian Prime Ministers from Gough Whitlam to Paul Keating a discreet but active pleasure at having 180,000 fewer Catholics in the neighborhood to disturb the Western Enlightenment Project.