Goujon, Jean(zhäN go͞ozhôN`), c.1510–c.1566, French Renaissance sculptor and architect. Although his work reflects the Italian mannerist style, particularly of Cellini, he developed his own extremely elegant, elongated, and often lyrical forms. Goujon is first recorded (1540) as having made columns for the organ loft of the Church of Saint-Maclou, Rouen. He was associated with the architect Pierre Lescot, with whom he first worked on the rood screen of Saint-Germain-l'Auxerrois, Paris; some reliefs from the screen are now in the Louvre. Goujon also made the celebrated decorations for the Fountain of the Innocents (1547–49), several panels of which are also in the Louvre. Again in collaboration with Lescot, he worked on the Louvre itself, designing ornaments for the ground floor and attic. Goujon, a Huguenot, died in exile in Italy.
Born circa 1510; died between 1564 and 1568. probably in Bologna. French Renaissance sculptor.
In 1540 and 1541, Goujon worked in Rouen, and circa 1543 or 1544 he moved to Paris and worked with P. Lescot. Goujon’s reliefs for the church of St. Germain I’Auxerrois (1544) and Fountain of the Innocents in Paris (1547–49), all in the Louvre in Paris, are distinguished by their secular, Renaissance world view, their subtle poetic spirituality, the grace of their soft chiaroscuro modeling, the refinement of their elongated proportions, and their complex linear rhythms (derived in part from Mannerism). Goujon worked on the sculptural design of the Lignières Hotel (now Carnavalet; c. 1545) and the Louvre (the eastern court facade, late 1540’s and 1550’s), built by Lescot. For the Caryatid Tribune in the Louvre, he sculpted the female figures (marble. 1550) supporting the rostrum. In his capacity as a graphic artist, Goujon illustrated Vitruvius’ treatise (woodcut, 1547).
REFERENCEDu Colombier, P. Jean Goujon. Paris, 1949.
IU. K. ZOLOTOV