Gurma

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Gurma

 

(self-appellation, Binumba), or Gourmantche, a people of northern Togo, northeastern Ghana, and the eastern regions of the Upper Volta. A small number of Gurma live also in the border regions of Nigeria and Dahomey. According to a 1967 estimate, the Gurma together with the related tribes the Konkomba (self-appellation, Kpunkpamba), the Moba, the Tobote (also called Bassari), and the Kaselem number 220,000 in Togo, 280,000 in Ghana, and 220,000 in the Upper Volta. The Gurma language belongs to the Gur linguistic group. The Gurma have preserved local traditional beliefs, although some practice Islam. Farming is the chief occupation (millet, rice, sorghum), but cattle are also raised.

References in periodicals archive ?
Historically, the ethnic groups found in the rural areas of South-Western Niger were the Djerma, Songhai, Fulbe, Maouri, Hausa, Kel Tamashek and Gourmantche.
Its geographical location explains its role as a refuge: it was protected to the north and east by the Niger River and to the south by what has been called a 'no man's land' (Benoit 1999) lying north of the Bourgou (Bariba) and north-east of the Gourma, the centre of the loose confederation of Gourmantche people.
Vitrines et panoplies thematiques sont souvent dediees a une ethnie specifique, et plusieurs expositions temporaires reposent sur ces logiques identitaires (<< Naitre, vivre et mourir en pays gourmantche au Burkina Faso >>, a Ouagadougou, par exemple).
On est oblige de les mettre dans les compartiments des Gourmantche.
Ethnic groups: 63 ethnic groups among which are Mossi (almost half of the total population), followed by Gourmantche, Fulani, Dioula, and Bissa.
The major ethnic group is Gourmantche (74%), and the economy primarily depends on agriculture and animal breeding.
Ethnic groups: Hausa 53%, Djerma (Zarma) 21%, Fulani 7%, Tuareg 11%, Beri Beri (Kanuri) 6%; Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 2%.
The Gourmantche jest with the Kotokoli (Togo), Yadse (Burkina), Djermas (Niger) and Dagomba (Ghana).
Cette question du choix prenatal et de ses liens avec les ancetres est poursuivie, dans des pages tres denses, dans le quatrieme chapitre, chez deux poputations voltaiques, les Samo et les Gourmantche.
Les Gourmantche plaisantent avec les Kotokoli (Togo), Yadse (Burkina), Djermas (Niger) et Dagomba (Ghana).
Aux anciens combattus" ("To the war veterans") talks about several social groups of Burkina Faso who took part in World War II: the Moose, Bobos, Samos, Dagaris, Gourmantches, Peulhs, Dioulas, etc.
Il s'agit notamment des Moose, des Bobos, des Samos, des Dagaris, des Gourmantches, des Peulhs, des Dioulas, etc.