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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the site of an ancient town on the eastern coast of Crete; one of the centers of Cretan-Mycenaean culture. The founding of Gournia dates to the third millennium B .C. It flourished in the first half of the 15th century B.C . Excavations during 1901–04 uncovered ruins from that time, including a rectangular town square (40 m by 17 m), which may have been used for assemblies and public performances, and a small palace (50 m long). The houses of the inhabitants were located along three streets, which ringed the central hill and were linked with one another by narrow alleys. Many ceramic artifacts such as dishes and statuettes have been found at Gournia, as well as metal objects (weapons and dishes). Gournia was destroyed in about 1400 B.C.


Pendlebury, D. Arkheologiia Krita. Moscow, 1950 (Translated from English.)
Gournia, Vasiliki, and Other Prehistoric Cities on the Isthmus of Hierapetra, Crete. [Philadelphia] 1908.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many of the great discoverers were compelling figures, such as Leonard Woolley of Ur (1880-1960) or Harriet Hawes (1871-1945) who excavated the Minoan village at Gournia on Crete almost alone in the first years of the twentieth century, when the site was inaccessible except by mule; or palaeoanthropologists Louis (1880-1960) and Mary Leakey (1913-96) of Olduvai Gorge fame.
It is to the earlier period that the geographically close deposit of Gournia belongs.
Minoan ceramics have been analyzed from Kalo Chorio, Kavousi, Gournia, Mochlos, Pseira, and sites discovered by the Vrokastro Survey and the Kavousi Survey (Fig.
Fabrics similar to this have been noted in the LM I period within the area of Gournia (Fig.
The tour concentrates on the Bronze Age Minoan period and visits several palaces including those at Knossos and Phaistos, plus lesser-known sites such as the Minoan town of Gournia with its winding streets of narrow houses.
(18) Results of recent surveys at Praisos, Vrokastro, and Gournia, along with excavations at Kommos and Itanos, also suggest that the assumed gap in settlement may ultimately prove illusory.
"Gournia: Report of the American Exploration Society's Excavations at Gournia, Crete, 1902-1905," in Transactions of the Department of Archaeology: Free Museum of Science and Art, University of Pennsylvania 1, Philadelphia, pp.
"The Gournia Survey Project: A Preliminary Report of the 1992-1994 Field Seasons," AJA 99, p.
The Prepalatial Cemeteries at Mochlos and Gournia and the House Tombs of Bronze Age Crete (Hesperia Suppl.