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the site of an ancient town on the eastern coast of Crete; one of the centers of Cretan-Mycenaean culture. The founding of Gournia dates to the third millennium B .C. It flourished in the first half of the 15th century B.C . Excavations during 1901–04 uncovered ruins from that time, including a rectangular town square (40 m by 17 m), which may have been used for assemblies and public performances, and a small palace (50 m long). The houses of the inhabitants were located along three streets, which ringed the central hill and were linked with one another by narrow alleys. Many ceramic artifacts such as dishes and statuettes have been found at Gournia, as well as metal objects (weapons and dishes). Gournia was destroyed in about 1400 B.C.


Pendlebury, D. Arkheologiia Krita. Moscow, 1950 (Translated from English.)
Gournia, Vasiliki, and Other Prehistoric Cities on the Isthmus of Hierapetra, Crete. [Philadelphia] 1908.


References in periodicals archive ?
The tour concentrates on the Bronze Age Minoan period and visits several palaces including those at Knossos and Phaistos, plus lesser-known sites such as the Minoan town of Gournia with its winding streets of narrow houses.
The prepalatial cemeteries at Mochlos and Gournia and the house tombs of Bronze Age Crete.
Although both undergraduate and general reader will appreciate the inclusion of clear, well labelled plans of Knossos, Phaistos, Mallia and Zakro, as well as illustrations of some of the best-known Minoan artefacts, such as the 'Harvester Vase' and Ayia Triada sarcophagus, Fitton has taken the opportunity to include illustrations of more recently discovered sites, such as Petras, or more unusual artefacts, such as a potter's turntable from Gournia.