governor

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governor,

chief executive of a dependent or component unit in a political system. In the United States, a governor is the chief executive of each state and is elected by the people of the state. In the British, French, and Dutch empires a governor was traditionally appointed to rule over each of the colonies. Governors in the United States originally lacked much power. They were often subordinate to the state legislatures and had little control over administrative agencies. However, political reforms in the early 20th cent. shifted power from the legislative to the executive branches of state governments, and today governors are among the most powerful political figures in the United States. At the National Governors Conference, developed from a meeting called (1908) by President Theodore Roosevelt, the nation's governors meet annually to discuss common political and governmental problems.

governor,

automatic device used to regulate and control such variables as speed or pressure in the functioning of an engine or other machine. A governor may be an electric, hydraulic, or mechanical device, or it may employ some combination of electric, hydraulic, and mechanical components. The constant-speed governor serves to keep the speed of an engine constant under changes in load and other disturbances. It is very often a mechanical device, employing centrifugal force. Such a governor contains weights, called flyballs, each attached to the end of an arm. The arms are arranged, like the spokes of wheels, around a central spindle and are connected to the inlet valve (commonly called the governor valve). The flyballs are so attached that they move away from the spindle as the speed increases (decreasing the fuel or steam to the inlet) and come closer to the spindle as the speed decreases (increasing the fuel or steam), thereby keeping the speed constant. Varying degrees of closure and the speeds at which they are to occur can be set in advance. Where changes are required while an engine is in operation, a variable-speed governor is employed. A governor-synchronizing device is used to equalize the speed of two or more engines driving electric generators before they engage the generators. In order to control the speed of some engines, a governor's output must be strengthened by connecting the output to a hydraulic amplifier.

Governor

 

(1) In present-day bourgeois states, the highest official in a territorial unit. For example, in the USA a governor is the executive head of a state, popularly elected from among candidates nominated by the leading bourgeois parties. In Denmark each of the 25 districts is headed by a governor appointed by the king. In Great Britain a governor is an official appointed by the British government to administer a colony.

(2) In prerevolutionary Russia, the highest government official in a province, who performed administrative, police, and military functions.

governor

[′gəv·ə·nər]
(mechanical engineering)
A device, especially one actuated by the centrifugal force of whirling weights opposed by gravity or by springs, used to provide automatic control of speed or power of a prime mover.

governor

A type of control to ensure that certain types of equipment, like high-pressure fuel pumps, operate at the desired speed. A governor has a sensor to measure the speed, a datum from which the equipment speed is referenced, and a control to adjust the speed to align it with the datum. See overspeed governor.

governor

1. the ruler or chief magistrate of a colony, province, etc.
2. the representative of the Crown in a British colony
3. Brit the senior administrator or head of a society, prison, etc.
4. the chief executive of any state in the US
5. Engineering a device that controls the speed of an engine, esp by regulating the supply of fuel, etc., either to limit the maximum speed or to maintain a constant speed
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Today's bets Brunston 1.55 Doncaster 1pt win Govenor General 2.15 Lingfield 1pt win
Arnie's home-town footy club had named their ground after the Hummer-loving Austrian, but public outrage forced them to scrap the title in 2006 after the govenor of California refused to intervene in the execution of gangster Stanley 'Tookie' Williams.
A PRISON govenor at the centre of the Billy Wright inquiry was sensationally dumped by his legal team yesterday.
In a statement, BSP Deputy Govenor Cyd Tuano-Amador said personal remittances from overseas Filipinos increased by 2.4 percent year-on-year to reach $23.7 billion in the first nine months of 2018.
Deputy director of public communication in the office of the govenor Elkanah Jacob declined to comment.
Govenor Jay Inslee was questioned frequently if he sought the workers to sanction the agreement.
Devine, from Dunfanaghy, Co Donegal, spent three weeks behind bars after mooning outside the Govenor's Home in St Louis, Senegal, while on a charity mission.
Trans Nzoia Govenor Patrick Khaemba on Tuesday said the system will be used to track performance in real time.
He once told me that only two people were really his govenor - Gunner Smith at Hove and Hugo.
In the case, former Homa Bay governor hopeful Oyugi Magwanga and his running mate Joshua Orero are challenging the victory of Governor Cyprian Awiti and Deputy Govenor Hamilton Orata.
Work on The Wave began in April 2007 in an official inauguration ceremony held under the auspices of Sayyid Al-Mutasim bin Hamoud Al-Busaidi, Minister of State and Govenor of Muscat.