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in law, a formal, written enactment by the authorized powers of a state. The term is usually not applied to a written constitutionconstitution,
fundamental principles of government in a nation, either implied in its laws, institutions, and customs, or embodied in one fundamental document or in several.
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 but is restricted to the enactments of a legislature. Statute law is to be distinguished chiefly from common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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, which may be defined as the body of legal rules derived from judicial decisions and custom. On most of the European continent all (or nearly all) the law is statutory and each field is subsumed by a codecode,
in law, in its widest sense any body of legal rules expressed in fixed and authoritative written form. A statute thus may be termed a code. Codes contrast with customary law (including common law), which is susceptible of various nonbinding formulations, as in the legal
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. In England and the United States, however, common law retains great importance, but with the expansion of government regulation there has been an immense growth in the statute law of those countries. In order to guide the courts many important statutes contain (usually in a preamble) a statement of the abuses that the legislation is intended to cure or of the general legislative intent. Statutes are classified in various ways. Public statutes (e.g., those establishing crimes) are universal in application, while private statutes (e.g., one compensating a named person for injury) are limited. Public statutes may be local, i.e., affecting only part of the area over which the legislature has authority, or general. Statutes that explain or clarify previous enactments or rules of common law are sometimes called declaratory statutes.



(polozhenie), in Soviet law, a normative act that summarizes, codifies, and defines the structure, functions, and competence of a state agency or system of agencies, for example, the Statute on the Supreme Court of the USSR and the General Statute on Ministries of the USSR. Statutes also regulate operational procedures of state agencies and organizations in certain cases—for example, the Statute on the Conduct of Cash Transactions by State, Cooperative, and Public Enterprises, Organizations, and Institutions—as well as all organizational, property, and labor relations pertaining to a specific question, for example, the Statute on Discoveries, Inventions, and Rationalization Proposals.



(1) A provision or regulation that defines the procedures of an organization and the functions of individual national and international organizations, such as the statute of the International Court of Justice (1945).

(2)Regulations that set the legal provisions of such medieval institutions as craft guilds. Valuable historical sources, guild statutes (or charters) consisted of rules based on common law that regulated the activities of guilds.

(3)Any legal regulation, for example, a statute on orders, which defines the procedures for awarding a given order, as well as the order’s description.

(4)Certain legislative acts of Great Britain’s Parliament, such as the Statute of Westminster of 1931, and of the United States Congress.


a. an enactment of a legislative body expressed in a formal document
b. this document
2. a permanent rule made by a body or institution for the government of its internal affairs
References in periodicals archive ?
I am pleased that the bipartisan Connected Government Act has been signed into law so that Granite Staters and Americans who rely on mobile devices to use the web including low-income Americans and those who experience disabilities can now better access government services, resources, and information, Senator Hassan said.
We have filed a request in ECP based on Local Government Act 2013, Section 36 to deseat Arshad Vohra.
As these facilities are not there as per the Local Government Act, how they could deliver according to the expectations of voters," he said.
The Land comprises open space for the purposes of Section 123 of the Local Government Act 1972 and a plan identifying the Land may be inspected at all reasonable hours at Customer Services Civic Centre Newcastle upon Tyne.
One of the findings enumerated in the OPEN Government Act is that "in practice, the Freedom of Information Act has not always lived up to the ideals of that act," and the legislation aims to fix that.
Paragraph 19 of Cardiff Council's code of conduct for councillors states: Any disclosed interests must be registered in the register maintained by the monitoring officer under Section 81(1) of the Local Government Act 2000.
Has Aghili or any other government act distracted fans from illegal music?
The Anglican Archbishops of Canterbury and York, together with the Bishop of Blackburn, have approved a compromise amendment on the Section 28 controversy (the section of the Local Government Act banning the teaching of pro-homosexuality sentiments in schools; see Catholic Insight March issue, "The Cardinal and Clause 28", page 9).
If you promise never to tell Ken Starr, I'm keeping your book and plan to enjoy it greatly, The Ethics in Government Act not withstanding.
Rawalpindi -- District Council Rawalpindi administration while violating Punjab local government act 2013 has started looting innocent citizens by charging heavy residential houses Map fees in rural areas.
These officials will exercise the powers of Magistrate First Class in respect of all offences under Chapter-V of the Punjab Local Government Act, 2013 expect the offences under section 47.
PESHAWAR -- Village and Neighborhood Councilors from District Peshawar have asked Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf led coalition government to ensure instant transfer of funds to their accounts and delegate powers to them as per rules of business of Local Government Act (LGA) 2013, otherwise they would stage protest in favor of their legal demands.

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