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in law, agreement of two or more persons to commit a criminal or otherwise unlawful act. At common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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, the crime of conspiracy was committed with the making of the agreement, but present-day statutes require an overt step by a conspirator to further the conspiracy. It is not necessary for guilt that the act be fully consummated. Many acts that would not be criminal if accomplished by an individual alone may nevertheless be the object of a conspiracy. With the rise of the labor movement in the 19th cent., British and American courts used this legal consent against unions; courts held that while an individual employee might lawfully abstain from work, the concerted stoppage of a group of employees, as in a strike, might be criminal. In 1875, Britain passed a law exempting unions from prosecution for conspiracy, and in 1932 the U.S. Congress passed a law that limited the power of federal courts to restrain union activity. Other controversial aspects of conspiracy laws include the modification of the rules of evidenceevidence,
in law, material submitted to a judge or a judicial body to resolve disputed questions of fact. The rules discussed in this article were developed in England for use in jury trials.
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 and the potential for a dragnet. A statement of a conspirator in furtherance of the conspiracy is admissible against all conspirators, even if the statement includes damaging references to another conspirator, and often even if it violates the rules against hearsay evidence. The conspiracy can be proved by circumstantial evidence. Any conspirator is guilty of any substantive crime committed by any other conspirator in furtherance of the enterprise. It is a federal crime to conspire to commit any activity prohibited by federal statute, whether or not Congress imposed criminal sanctions on the activity itself. An individual injured by a conspiracy may sue the conspirators to recover damages.


See also Intrigue.
Constancy (See LOYALTY.)
Babington Plot
abortive plot to assassinate Elizabeth I; sealed Mary Stuart’s fate (1586). [Br. Hist.: NCE, 202]
Black Friday
(September 24, 1869) gold speculation led to financial panic. [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 259]
plotted against Caesar with Cassius and Casca. [Br. Lit.: Julius Caesar]
intriguer and accomplice in plot against Caesar. [Br. Lit.: Julius Caesar]
conspires against Cardinal Richelieu. [Fr. Lit.: Cinq-Mars]
Cointet brothers
use a corrupt lawyer to ruin a young printer and cheat him of his invention. [Fr. Lit.: Balzac Lost Illusions in Magill II, 595]
Doctors’ Plot
physicians falsely tried for trying to poison Stalin. [Jew. Hist.: Wigoder, 160]
Duke of Buckingham
Richard III’s “counsel’s consistory”; assisted him to throne. [Br. Lit.: Richard III]
Fawkes, Guy
(1570–1606) leader of Gunpowder Plot to blow up Houses of Parliament (1605). [Br. Hist.: EB, IV: 70, 801]
Gunpowder Plot
See Fawkes, Guy.
Joseph’s brothers
sold him into slavery out of envy and hatred. [O.T.: Genesis 37:18–28]
(1720–1769) brains behind widespread American Indian uprising (1762). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 398]
plots and successfully executes overthrow of Zechariah. [O.T.: II Kings 15:10]
political intrigue leading to resignation of Pres. Nixon. [Am. Hist.: EB, X: 568–569]
Woman in White, The
Laura Fairlie is unjustly confined to an insane asylum in a plot to obtain her money. [Br. Lit.: Magill I, 1125]
References in periodicals archive ?
These types of government conspiracy theories make for great blogosphere banter, but that's the extent of their entertainment value.
Jamt said it called the strike protesting what it called "the government repression, persecution and plot to eliminate the party" and a "plot to kill our jailed leaders" under "false cases" and the government conspiracy to eliminate the party.
New York, May 5 ( ANI ): Two former members of Congress who heard five days of testimony this week are convinced about supposed UFO landings and a government conspiracy to cover them up.
There are also some people, including Julia's grandfather, who believe the whole thing could be a government conspiracy.
What they are hiding is a massive government conspiracy and shows that the Home Secretary of the day connived with the police and security forces at the behest of construction companies to make an example of ordinary workers.
He said that some elements are giving the impression that there is something going on between Malik Riaz and the judiciary whereas Malik Riaz has produced evidence against a person, to term this as a government conspiracy will also not right.
But this points to what Dimi described as not necessarily the Israeli media being wrapped up in some deliberate government conspiracy.
Salah Salah Abu Ismael are talking about a US government conspiracy in partnership with the rolling military council to dismiss him from presidential raise in Egypt's first free presidential election.
Annabel Darlow, prosecuting, told the jury: "The video which you will watch as part of the evidence in this case was one which stated that the bombings which took place in London on July 7 2005 were in fact the product of a Government conspiracy.
Indresh, who was questioned by the Central Bureau of Investigation on December 23 for his alleged role in those plots, had said that he was being framed in a government conspiracy to pin the blame of the terrorist blasts in Ajmer, Hyderabad, Malegaon, and on
I have been reading the material on a regular basis and I have not seen a single revelation thus far that gives any indication that there was a government conspiracy.
The government will be well advised to shun its behaviour that points out to deriving certain nefarious political design out of the degree evaluation process "The PML is fully alert to the situation and will in no way allow the government to manipulate wrong from the process", Sharif said adding that any attempt to destabilise and undermine the democratic order will meet an irresistible opposition that will ultimately frustrate the government conspiracy.

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