governor

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governor,

chief executive of a dependent or component unit in a political system. In the United States, a governor is the chief executive of each state and is elected by the people of the state. In the British, French, and Dutch empires a governor was traditionally appointed to rule over each of the colonies. Governors in the United States originally lacked much power. They were often subordinate to the state legislatures and had little control over administrative agencies. However, political reforms in the early 20th cent. shifted power from the legislative to the executive branches of state governments, and today governors are among the most powerful political figures in the United States. At the National Governors Conference, developed from a meeting called (1908) by President Theodore Roosevelt, the nation's governors meet annually to discuss common political and governmental problems.

governor,

automatic device used to regulate and control such variables as speed or pressure in the functioning of an engine or other machine. A governor may be an electric, hydraulic, or mechanical device, or it may employ some combination of electric, hydraulic, and mechanical components. The constant-speed governor serves to keep the speed of an engine constant under changes in load and other disturbances. It is very often a mechanical device, employing centrifugal force. Such a governor contains weights, called flyballs, each attached to the end of an arm. The arms are arranged, like the spokes of wheels, around a central spindle and are connected to the inlet valve (commonly called the governor valve). The flyballs are so attached that they move away from the spindle as the speed increases (decreasing the fuel or steam to the inlet) and come closer to the spindle as the speed decreases (increasing the fuel or steam), thereby keeping the speed constant. Varying degrees of closure and the speeds at which they are to occur can be set in advance. Where changes are required while an engine is in operation, a variable-speed governor is employed. A governor-synchronizing device is used to equalize the speed of two or more engines driving electric generators before they engage the generators. In order to control the speed of some engines, a governor's output must be strengthened by connecting the output to a hydraulic amplifier.

Governor

 

(1) In present-day bourgeois states, the highest official in a territorial unit. For example, in the USA a governor is the executive head of a state, popularly elected from among candidates nominated by the leading bourgeois parties. In Denmark each of the 25 districts is headed by a governor appointed by the king. In Great Britain a governor is an official appointed by the British government to administer a colony.

(2) In prerevolutionary Russia, the highest government official in a province, who performed administrative, police, and military functions.

governor

[′gəv·ə·nər]
(mechanical engineering)
A device, especially one actuated by the centrifugal force of whirling weights opposed by gravity or by springs, used to provide automatic control of speed or power of a prime mover.

governor

A type of control to ensure that certain types of equipment, like high-pressure fuel pumps, operate at the desired speed. A governor has a sensor to measure the speed, a datum from which the equipment speed is referenced, and a control to adjust the speed to align it with the datum. See overspeed governor.

governor

1. the ruler or chief magistrate of a colony, province, etc.
2. the representative of the Crown in a British colony
3. Brit the senior administrator or head of a society, prison, etc.
4. the chief executive of any state in the US
5. Engineering a device that controls the speed of an engine, esp by regulating the supply of fuel, etc., either to limit the maximum speed or to maintain a constant speed
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Governorate of North A'Sharqiyah, (390) contracts in the Governorate
The Yemeni Minister thanked the UAE leadership, its government and the people, as well as the ERC, for their sustained support to the health sector in Yemen, adding that the aid would be delivered to the liberated governorates, as well as coup-held governorates.
The minister added that his ministry has circulated governorates' programs at ministries and government institutions to be adopted as a reference to government's efforts in governorates when preparing their budgets, including the Karak governorate, where a JD62 million worth of government projects are expected to be implemented in Karak in 2016.
2m) at the level of the Sultanate's governorates while the collected fees from such sale contracts during February 2016 stood at $9.
UN-Habitat recently organised a high-level capacity building workshop with over 60 participates from Iraqi governorates and the Ministry of Planning representatives under the Local Area Development Programme (LADP) jointly implemented by UNDP and UN-Habitat, funded by the European Union.
SANA'A, May 24 (Saba) - A security official said 8 people were killed and 12 others injured on Sunday due to the Saudi aggression on several governorates.
Al-Waili tribesmen clashed with Houthis in Sa'ada governorate in 2010 when the latter allegedly attempted to take over land belonging to the Al-Waili tribesmen.
Voting will take place in 34 constituencies nationwide where parliament seats are still up for grabs and 21 in the Southern, Muharraq and Northern governorates where municipal council seats are still vacant.
Samah Mohamed Ahmed Qandil -- Port Said Governorate
Omar Omoush stated that the company is thrilled to be launching this new product in the governorates of Kerak, Ma'an, Tafileh, and Mafraq, and that this launch will be followed shortly by similar launches in other Jordanian Governorates as well.
total number of SMEs in this governorate reached 4,988.
The Governorate of Muscat recorded seven power station fires, three vehicle fires and one school fire.

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