governor

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governor,

chief executive of a dependent or component unit in a political system. In the United States, a governor is the chief executive of each state and is elected by the people of the state. In the British, French, and Dutch empires a governor was traditionally appointed to rule over each of the colonies. Governors in the United States originally lacked much power. They were often subordinate to the state legislatures and had little control over administrative agencies. However, political reforms in the early 20th cent. shifted power from the legislative to the executive branches of state governments, and today governors are among the most powerful political figures in the United States. At the National Governors Conference, developed from a meeting called (1908) by President Theodore Roosevelt, the nation's governors meet annually to discuss common political and governmental problems.

governor,

automatic device used to regulate and control such variables as speed or pressure in the functioning of an engine or other machine. A governor may be an electric, hydraulic, or mechanical device, or it may employ some combination of electric, hydraulic, and mechanical components. The constant-speed governor serves to keep the speed of an engine constant under changes in load and other disturbances. It is very often a mechanical device, employing centrifugal force. Such a governor contains weights, called flyballs, each attached to the end of an arm. The arms are arranged, like the spokes of wheels, around a central spindle and are connected to the inlet valve (commonly called the governor valve). The flyballs are so attached that they move away from the spindle as the speed increases (decreasing the fuel or steam to the inlet) and come closer to the spindle as the speed decreases (increasing the fuel or steam), thereby keeping the speed constant. Varying degrees of closure and the speeds at which they are to occur can be set in advance. Where changes are required while an engine is in operation, a variable-speed governor is employed. A governor-synchronizing device is used to equalize the speed of two or more engines driving electric generators before they engage the generators. In order to control the speed of some engines, a governor's output must be strengthened by connecting the output to a hydraulic amplifier.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Governor

 

(1) In present-day bourgeois states, the highest official in a territorial unit. For example, in the USA a governor is the executive head of a state, popularly elected from among candidates nominated by the leading bourgeois parties. In Denmark each of the 25 districts is headed by a governor appointed by the king. In Great Britain a governor is an official appointed by the British government to administer a colony.

(2) In prerevolutionary Russia, the highest government official in a province, who performed administrative, police, and military functions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

governor

[′gəv·ə·nər]
(mechanical engineering)
A device, especially one actuated by the centrifugal force of whirling weights opposed by gravity or by springs, used to provide automatic control of speed or power of a prime mover.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

governor

A type of control to ensure that certain types of equipment, like high-pressure fuel pumps, operate at the desired speed. A governor has a sensor to measure the speed, a datum from which the equipment speed is referenced, and a control to adjust the speed to align it with the datum. See overspeed governor.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

governor

1. the ruler or chief magistrate of a colony, province, etc.
2. the representative of the Crown in a British colony
3. Brit the senior administrator or head of a society, prison, etc.
4. the chief executive of any state in the US
5. Engineering a device that controls the speed of an engine, esp by regulating the supply of fuel, etc., either to limit the maximum speed or to maintain a constant speed
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Governorate of North Sharqiyah reported a decline of 22.4 per cent in the registration of SMEs to 184 compared to 237 SMEs in the same period of last year, followed by the Governorate of South Sharqiyah with 18.4 per cent to register 168 SMEs, compared to 206 SMEs in the same period of last year, followed by the Governorate of Muscat with a drop of 15.4 per cent with 1099 SMEs, compared to 1,299 SMEs, according to NCSI data.
Known for being areas that offer more of a mix between affordable and higher priced properties, Reef Island, Tubli and Um Al Hasam, all located in the Capital Governorate, as well as Al Riffa (Southern Governorate) were the only four locations that recorded an increase in price between January -- June 2018 and July -- December 2018.
Fakhoury noted that the ministry, in coordination with various partners and through available financing instruments, will provide the necessary funding for setting up developmental priorities and needs included in the 2016 Karak governorate development program.
The Governorate of Musandam logged a production growth of 6.9pc to touch 48.8 GW/H.
In January 2016, 22,970 title deeds were issued including the title deeds that issued for the GCC nationals, 4409 in the Governorate of North Al Batinah, 4280 the Governorate of Muscat, 3844 in the Governorate of South Al Batinah, 2811 in the Governorate of A'Dakhilyah, 2410 in the Governorate of A'Dhairah, 1630 in the Governorate of North A'Sharqiyah, 1421 in the Governorate of Dhofar, 1163 in the Governorat of South A'Sharqiyah and 137 in the Governorate of Musandam while the title deeds registered for the first time stood at 6,372.
Moreover, the Saudi war jets launched air strikes on Dar Saad district in Aden governorate, and many others on Qa'ataba district in Dalei governorate, the official said.
Outgoing MP and Al Menbar senior member Mohammed Al Ammadi will compete against Al Asala's Khalid Al Malood, another outgoing MP, in the Northern Governorate.
"There were no clashes between Houthis and security forces because Houthis spread in the city's streets after coordinating with the governorate's security leaders," Abdullah Al-Saeedy, the deputy security chief of Dhamar, confirmed.
The meeting was attended by heads of Strategy Planning Section and Projects Management Directorate in each governorate and the head of Development and Training Section and the head of Follow-up section in Governorates' General Coordination Office.
Upon subscribing to this service, citizens of the above-mentioned governorates will also be receiving "Aghanilak" ring back tone (RBT) featuring Omar Abdullat's song related to their governorate, free of charge for the first month.
The governorates of South Batinah saw allotment of 1,103 residential plots, Musandam 470 plots, North Batinah 391 plots (except Sohar), Al Wusta 284 plots and Dhofar 224 plots.

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