Goiás

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Goiás

(goi-äs`), state (1996 pop. 4,501,538), 211,941 sq mi (548,927 sq km), central Brazil. GoiâniaGoiânia
, city (1996 pop. 998,520), capital of Goiás state, S central Brazil. A modern planned city, it was built to replace the old city of Goiás as state capital and was inaugurated as such in 1937.
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 is the capital. The economy of Goiás is largely agricultural. Its population has increased dramatically since 1950. Tin, gold, diamonds, and quartz are found nearby.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Goiás

 

a state in Brazil, located in the central part of the Brazilian Highlands, in the Tocantins River basin. Area, 642.100 sq km. Population, 3,006,000 (1970), mostly Indians. Capital, Goiánia. Goiás is an economically poorly developed state. The basis of the economy is extensive animal husbandry (chiefly zebu-type cattle). There is commodity farming (mostly coffee and cotton) in the southeast as well as meat and dairy animal husbandry and vegetable and fruit farming. Natural rubber and babassu nuts are gathered; there is also hunting. Gold, diamonds, and nickel ore are mined on a small scale. Other industries include food and paper. The creation of a federal district in Goiás has resulted in the intensification of agricultural production in the nearby cities of Ceres, Anápolis, and Goiánia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Described from "Jatahy, Goyaz" (= Jatai, Goias), Brazil and subsequently reported from Argentina by Golbach (1994).
EVANS (1955) la cita de "Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana Britanica, Surinam, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Amazonas, Bahia, Goyaz, Minas Gerais, Matto Grosso (Sur del Brasil), Paraguay y Argentina".
Joaquim Rodrigues de Moraes Jardim sobre sua viagem ao Araguaya, Goyaz," 7, 15; 1881, 17; 1897, 5; 1902, 11-2; Turricia to Rua, ca.