Goytisolo, Juan

Goytisolo, Juan

(Juan Goytisolo Gay) (hwän goitēsō`lō), 1931–2017, Spanish writer, b. Barcelona. Goytisolo is considered among the foremost novelists who wrote in Spanish in the late 20th cent. Much of his work focused on the injustice and moral emptiness in Spain under the FrancoFranco, Francisco
, 1892–1975, Spanish general and caudillo [leader]. He became a general at the age of 32 after commanding the Spanish Foreign Legion in Morocco.
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 government. His early novels, such as Fiestas (1958, tr. 1960) and The Party's Over (1962, tr. 1966), were in the social realist tradition. With the trilogy that consisted of Marks of Identity (1966, tr. 1969), Count Julian (1970, tr. 1974), and Juan the Landless (1975, tr. 1977), novels that combine semiautobiograpy with Spanish history, Goytisolo struck out in a new fictional direction, rejecting social realism in favor of more experimental forms, somewhat influenced by the French nouveau roman [new novel] (see French literatureFrench literature,
writings in medieval French dialects and standard modern French. Writings in Provençal and Breton are considered separately, as are works in French produced abroad (as at Canadian literature, French).
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), and employing stream-of-consciousness techniques and a kind of literary collage approach. His later novels, which often explore themes of alienation, political oppression, religion, and sexuality, include Makbara (1980, tr. 1981), Landscapes after Battle (1982, tr. 1987), The Virtues of the Solitary Bird (1988, tr. 1991), Quarantine (1991, tr. 1994), State of Siege (1995, tr. 2002), and his last work, Exiled from Almost Everywhere (2008, tr. 2011), a biting satire. Goytisolo, who lived in France from 1956 to 1996, when he settled in Morocco, also wrote short stories, political essays, travel books, and poetry as well as literary criticism in French. In 2014 he received the Cervantes Prize, Spain's most prestigious literary award.

Bibliography

See his 1931–56 memoirs, Forbidden Territory (1985, tr. 1989) and his 1957–82 memoirs, Realms of Strife (1986, tr. 1990); memoirs and studies by M. Ugarte (1982) and A. Six (1990).

References in periodicals archive ?
Alberti, a la derrota de la Republica, debio emigrar, y su destierro se prolongo hasta 1977; Garcia Lorca fue asesinado en plena guerra; Miguel Hernandez, Antonio Machado, murieron luego de sufrir persecucion y carcel; otros (Cernuda, Aub, Bergamin) tambien debieron salir de aquella Espana; y algunos mas sufrieron prision, aunque no hayan sido de esa generacion privilegiada (como Gabriel Celaya, Jose Hierro), y otros muchos crecieron con la herida en la frente (los Goytisolo, Juan Marse); esa afrenta no se la han podido pagar a Espana, ni siquiera con la derrota (moral) y la muerte de los culpables, ni siquiera con el aislamiento que vivio esa nacion durante todo el franquismo, ni siquiera con haber visto crecer a sus mejores hombres en tierras extranas.
La decada de los sesenta ha dado a los mejores narradores (Luis Martin-Santos, Juan Goytisolo, Luis Goytisolo, Juan Marse o Juan Benet, entre otros) y a los mejores poetas de la segunda mitad del siglo (a los mencionados Valente y Gil de Biedma podemos anadir a Claudio Rodriguez, Carlos Barral, Angel Gonzalez, Jose Agustin Goytisolo, Francisco Brines y, en catalan, Gabriel Ferrater).
Goytisolo, Juan Ramon Masoliver, Jaume Ferran o Pere Gimferrer.