Goznak


Also found in: Financial, Wikipedia.

Goznak

 

(full name, Central Administration of the Ministry of Finances of the USSR for the Issuance of State Currency Notes, Coins, and Orders), a department that supervises paper and printing factories that produce paper money and documents of strict registration (loan obligations, checks, letters of credit, savings-bank books, lottery tickets, postal payment notes, and the like). Goznak also is in charge of the production of highly artistic publications and of special and high quality papers; it also includes mints producing coins, orders, and prize and commemorative medals.

The organization of the St. Petersburg mint (now the Leningrad mint) in 1724, under Peter I, brought about the centralization of the coinage of money in Russia and the beginning of the production of commemorative badges and award medals. In 1818, the Special Office (expeditsiia) for the Preparation of State Documents was organized under the authority of the minister of finances. To produce printed forms for the special office, the Russian academician B. S. Iakobi applied for the first time in the history of printing technology the process of galvanotypy, which he had invented in 1838. In the 1890’s an employee in the special office, I. I. Orlov, invented and worked out a new method of printing, which became known as the Orlov press. He also constructed polychromatic machines that were prototypes of present-day polychromatic machines. Orlov’s machines and the printing methods worked out by him are used in a number of countries.

After the victory of the October Revolution, the Special Office for the Preparation of State Documents was reorganized in 1919 into the Office for the Issuance of State Currency Notes. In 1941 the mint became part of Goznak. There is an all-Union scientific research institute in Moscow under Goznak’s jurisdiction. In the 1920’s the prominent Soviet sculptor I. D. Shadr worked for Goznak, and one of the first designs for monetary notes in the USSR was based on his drawings. In the 1950’sand 1960’s, thanks to the invention by V. A. Oleinik, a mechanic in Goznak’s Moscow printing factory, of an original calculating mechanism and its subsequent development by Goznak’s scientific research institute, the printing and paper factories and Goznak’s mints were equipped with calculators.

N. P. KHRUSHKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Goznak is a Russian government-owned enterprise responsible for the production of coins and banknotes.
In an interview with the state-controlled Rossiiskaya Gazeta last week, the head of Goznak confirmed for the first time that Russia is indeed producing currency for Damascus.
Of the companies having submitted offers in the initial phase of the tender, Goznak had pre-selected five Russian and non-Russian companies.
In Russia, we work closely with the state papermaker and printer, Goznak.
G&D America) announced Wednesday its parent company, Munich-based Giesecke & Devrient GmbH, has supplied equipment and project management for the production of high-grade memory chip cards to its long-term strategic partner Goznak PPFG of Perm, Russia.
Applicant Country Published Patent Documents (01/11/2011 to 31/10/2012) Dai Nippon Printing Japan 55 Toppan Printing Japan 53 Giesecke & Devrient Germany 29 Securency Australia 16 Korea Minting Security Printing Korea 15 National Printing Bureau Japan 13 Hubei LHTC Anti-Counterfeit China 13 Technology NHK Spring Japan 10 3M USA 8 Goznak Russia 8 Patent Applicants Table
The initial proposal to replace more conventional aluminium holograms came from the Russian state-owned papermaker and security printer Goznak in 2009 as part of its recommendation to upgrade the country's tax stamps.
Open Competition: Repair Of The Warehouse Materials Perm Printing Factory - A Branch Of Federal State Unitary Enterprise Goznak.
Presentations will be made by representatives from, among others, the CBPMC, the Ministry of Public Security, the Currency AntiCounterfeit Centre, Japan's National Printing Bureau, the Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication, Goznak, Jura, Crane, Goebel, Securency, OVD Kinegram, Infineon, Digital Identification Solutions, Nano-Matrix and the International Hologram Manufacturers Association.
Open Competition: The Right To Enter Into An Agreement For The Repair Of External Sewage Perm Printing Factory - A Branch Of Federal State Unitary Enterprise Goznak At Perm, Highway Kosmonavtov, 115.
HoloGrate now has around 100 staff, with production around the clock in three shifts, which is necessary to keep up with large-volume orders such as those it supplies to Goznak, the Russian security printer, for banknotes and tax seals.
Open Competition: Right To Sign The Agreement To Repair The Ladder A Body Cells Perm Printing Factory - A Branch Of Federal State Unitary Enterprise Goznak At Perm, Highway Kosmonavtov, 115.