Graciliano Ramos


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Graciliano Ramos
Graciliano Ramos de Oliveira
Birthday
BirthplaceQuebrangulo, Alagoas, Brazil
Died
NationalityBrazilian
Occupation
Novelist, politician, journalist
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ramos, Graciliano

 

Born Oct. 27, 1892, in Quebrangulo, in the state of Alagoas; died 1953 in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian writer. Member of the Communist Party of Brazil from 1945.

Ramos’ first novel, Caetés, was written in 1926 and published in 1933. In 1936, Ramos was imprisoned during an anticom-munist wave of terror; his Recollections of Prison (vols. 1–4, 1953) was published posthumously. He is also the author of A Journey (1954), about his trip to the USSR in 1952. Ramos’ novels St. Bernard (1934), Anguish (1936), and Barren Lives (1938; Russian translation, 1961) investigate various psychological types engendered by Brazilian life. Ramos introduced social psychologism into Brazilian literature.

WORKS

Infancia, 7th ed. São Paulo, 1969.
In Russian translation:
“Dva druga.” In the collection Brazil’skie rasskazy. Moscow, 1959.
“Svidetel’.” In the collection Pod nebom Iuzhnovo Kresta: Brazil’skaia novella XIX-XXvekov. Moscow, 1968.

REFERENCES

“Pamiati pisatelia.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1958, no. 6.
Terterian, I. A. Brazil’skii roman XX v. Moscow, 1965.
Candido, A. Ficção e Confissão. Rio de Janeiro, 1956.
Pinto, R. M. Graciliano Ramos: Autor e ator. São Paulo, 1962.

I. A. TERTERIAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
How such reality can be captured without recourse to a simplistic and journalistic telling of events is shown by Steinbeck's Brazilian contemporary, Graciliano Ramos, whose Vidas Secas (translated as Barren Lives) is a gem of 20th century literature.
A producao de Bruna Macedo Goulart (2018), estudante de graduacao em Letras, provocada pela professora que propos as/aos suas/seus alunas/os que escrevessem sobre alguma situacao traumatica vivida na infancia, apos terem se detido no estudo do livro memorialistico Infancia, de Graciliano Ramos (2013), leva-nos a refletir sobre as formas como criancas sao socializadas, subjetivando-se em praticas que reproduzem e operam estereotipos binarios de genero que separam meninos e meninas.
Subaltern writings; readings on Graciliano Ramos's novels.
Bons exemplos disso sao, nessa perspectiva, os narradores pouco confiaveis de Machado de Assis, Guimaraes Rosa, Graciliano Ramos ou mesmo Raduan Nassar.
E que, no conjunto dos textos ali reunidos, havia nao so a pioneira explicitacao dos parametros analiticos da teoria do realismo de Lukacs, mas a sua aplicacao criadora a um classico da literatura brasileira--e os dois ensaios respectivos (um sobre o realismo como categoria central da estetica e outro sobre o romance de Graciliano Ramos) tornaram-se, desde entao, antologicos.