Grecisms

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Grecisms

 

words that came into Russian from Greek during the Byzantine period (through Slavic translations of religious books); also, terms formed from Greek roots and affixes.

Grecisms may be found in church usage (Russian lampada, “icon lamp”; angel, “angel”; episkop, “bishop”; ladan, “incense”; ikona, “icon”). Christian personal names (Andrei, “man”; Georgii, “farmer”; Evgenii, “wellborn”), and terms in the arts and sciences (Russian istoriia, filosofiia, drama, tragediia, and melodiia). A large number of modern scientific terms consist of Greek roots and affixes (Russian gen from Greek genos, “race” or “family”; mono- from Greek monos, “one.” “single”; psevdo- from Greek pseudos, “lie,” “falsehood”; psikho- from Greek psyche, “soul”: sin- from Greek syn, “with.” “together”;fob- from Greekphobos, “fear”). The Russian terms avtogennyi (autogenous), monotip (monotype), psevdonim (pseudonym). psikhologiia (psychology), sinkhronnyi (synchronous), and gidrofobiia (hydrophobia) are formed in this way.

REFERENCES

Pokrovskii, M. M. Semasiologicheskie issledovaniia ν oblasti drevnikh iazykov. Moscow, 1895.
Iushmanov. N. V. Elementy mezhdunarodnoi terminologii: Siovar’-spravochnik. Moscow. 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are many more Graecisms that Petronius uses in his novel(34) and similarly at 140.5 he needs the Greek ritual word to provide his mock-ceremony with the ridiculous authority of a pseudo-religious atmosphere.
Although the Cena Trimalchionis recalls Sermones 2.8 in both structure and content, Petronius has done more than reproduce Horace's treatment: aside from spectacular food and entertainments, the protagonist encounters a group of freedmen who, in contrast to his own urbane Latin, speak in a language characterized by solecisms, graecisms, cliches, and proverbs.