Maximilian Von Spee

(redirected from Graf Maximilian von Spee)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Spee, Maximilian Von


Born June 22, 1861, in Copenhagen; died Dec. 8, 1914, near the Falkland Islands. German vice admiral. Count.

Spee entered the navy in 1878. In 1912 he became the commander of a cruiser squadron in the Pacific Ocean. After the outbreak of World War I, Spee took his squadron to the waters of South America. On Nov. 1, 1914, he defeated a British cruiser squadron in a battle at Coronel off the Chilean coast. On Dec. 8, 1914, Spee was defeated by a strong British squadron off the Falkland Islands. Spee went down with his flagship, the cruiser Scharnhorst.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.