Montrose, James Graham, 5th earl and 1st marquess of

(redirected from Graham, James)

Montrose, James Graham, 5th earl and 1st marquess of

Montrose, James Graham, 5th earl and 1st marquess of (mŏntrōzˈ), 1612–50, Scottish nobleman and soldier. He succeeded to the earldom in 1626 and, feeling slighted by Charles I, joined the Covenanters in 1638. At first he was active in enforcing the Covenant and served in the Covenanters' army in the Bishops' Wars. However, he came to fear a Presbyterian oligarchy controlled by Archibald Campbell, 8th earl of Argyll, and was imprisoned (1640–41) by Argyll. After the Scottish intervention in the English civil war, Montrose was created marquess and lieutenant general of Scotland by the king. He made an unsuccessful attempt to invade Scotland, then visited the Highlands in disguise and organized a royalist force there. He then defeated the Lowland Presbyterian army of Argyll in six engagements, of which Tippermuir, Inverlochy, and Kilsyth were the greatest (1644–45). Never in command of a very large army, Montrose was successful because of his brilliant strategy and his spirited leadership of the fierce Highland clansmen, whose numbers were augmented by a small Irish force. He was in control of Scotland for a short time, but the defeat of Charles at Naseby (1645) left him without support, and he was finally defeated by David Leslie at Philiphaugh (1645). He fled (1646) to the Continent. In 1650, Montrose returned to Scotland to try to make the nominal rule of Charles II a reality there. However, his expedition was disavowed by Charles himself, and he was captured and hanged. Although the excesses of his wild troops have been sharply criticized, his reckless daring and his successes in battle have made Montrose a romantic figure in Scottish history. He was the author of poetry (ed. by G. L. Weir, 1938).


See biography by C. V. Wedgwood (2d ed. 1966).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Edinburgh: Dougie Fife; Darcy Graham, James Johnstone, Chris Dean, Duhan van der Merwe; Jaco van der Walt, Henry Pyrgos (capt); Pierre Schoeman, Ross Ford, Pietro Ceccarelli, Fraser McKenzie, Ben Toolis, Magnus Bradbury, Luke Crosbie, Viliame Mata.
Guests included Corcoran's Jessie Delia Femina, Media Sponsor HC&G's Kendell Cronstrom, architect Ted Porter, actor Maulik Pancholy, designer Barbara Ostrom, and East Hampton Historical Society Board of Trustees members, including president Arthur (Tiger) Graham, James Blauvelt, Jim Oxnam, Barbara Borsack and Dale Ellen Leff.
EDINBURGH: Dougie Fife; Darcy Graham, James Johnstone, Chris Dean, Duhan van der Merwe; Simon Hickey, Henry Pyrgos; Pierre Schoeman, Ross Ford, Pietro Ceccarelli; James Hodgson, Callum Hunter-Hill; Ben Toolis, Ally Miller, Luke Hamilton.
Starting XV: Blair Kinghorn, Darcy Graham, James Johnstone, Matt Scott, Dougie Fife, Jaco van der Walt, Henry Pyrgos, Allan Dell, Stuart McInally, WP Nel, Ben Toolis, Grant Gilchrist, Magnus Bradbury, Hamish Watson, Bill Mata.
goals of Stevie May and Steven MacLean but Brian Graham, James McFadden and Michael O'Halloran can chip in with goals for us.
By that I mean Sam Burgess, James Graham, James Roby and Sean O'Loughlin.
Screenplay, Will Carlough, Tobias Carlson, Jacob Fleisher, Patrik Forsberg, Will Graham, James Gunn, Claes Kjellstrom, Jack
Harton and Westoe, one of three new clubs in the competition, impressed on their debut at Peterlee Town where Stephen Graham, James McDermot and Shaun Edwards (pen) earned them the points.
At the time of the accident, the fate of LCT 427 went unreported and the late Violet Graham, James's widow, believed her husband, from Gateshead, had died in Normandy.
TITLE Hepworth Band in concert Hymns of Praise MD Michael Howley VENUE St Paul's Hall, Huddersfield By David Tinker LAST Sundays's concert, which was partly supported by the Longley Farm Community Fund, drew a large audience to this fine venue with music from eminent composers such as Eric Ball, Peter Graham, James Curnow, Alan Fernie, Leigh Baker, John Childs,Phillip Wilby, Goff Richards and Paul Lovatt Cooper.
LOUGHGALL YOUTH: David Acheson, Jack Hamilton, Ryan Faulkner capt, William Graham, James McCormack, Kyle, Gilmore, Jonathan Ewart, David Neill, Luke Cartwright, Adam Alexander, Ian Milligan, subs, Calum Coert, Sam Gribbon, Scott McCann.