Grain Feed

Grain Feed

 

the kernel of cereal and leguminous crops, used for fodder for agricultural animals. Grain feed belongs to the group of concentrated feeds: compared with other feeds, a unit volume of grain feed contains the greatest quantity of easily digested nutritive substances. Cereal grains contain up to 75 percent carbohydrates, 10–12 percent protein, 2–5 percent fat, 1–4 percent minerals (basically the salts of phosphoric acid and potassium), and vitamins of the B and E groups. The kernels of legumes contain 20–25 percent protein (up to 35 percent in soybeans) and 1-–2 percent fat (about 15 percent in soybeans).

The basic grain feeds include cereals such as maize, oats, barley, rye, millet, Turkestan millet, and sorgo, and such legumes as vetch, lentils, soybeans, kidney beans, fodder beans, and gram. Grain feed is given to all types of animals in a crushed, flattened, or ground form. Because of the presence of astringents, large doses of legume feeds sometime cause constipation. Legume feeds must be administered with particular care to pregnant animals. Grain must not be used if it is blackened, rotten, or seriously infected with fungi or if it contains harmful impurities that cannot be removed.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Aemetis plant supplies Wet Distillers Grain feed to about 100 dairies.
In Pakistan, poultry industry is growing at a rapid rate and require quality grain feed supply to sustain the growth.
Ducks are reared in large open runs with a constant supply of all grain feed and clean drinking water.
dairy producer Stonyfield Farm is piloting a program in Vermont, adjusting grain feed to include alfalfa, flax and other plants high in omega-3s.
In addition, grain feed consumption is forecast at less than 36 MMT, 4 MMT less than in 2009.
Grain feed is necessary, but some cattle farmers have succeeded in fleshing out red-hair cattle by spending additional time feeding them more hay.
The eggs are all-natural with no antibiotics and no artificial hormones, and are available in Organic (certified USDA Organic), Cage Free (free-roaming hens in an all-natural environment), Vegetarian Fed (hens are fed natural whole grain feed rich in soy protein) and Omega 3 (each egg contains at least 200 mg of Omega 3 fatty acids and 75 mg DHA) varieties.
A RISE in the price of raw materials in its grain feed business has hit profits at Cheshire-based sales and distribution group NWF.
For the past nine months, the company has been replacing 15 percent of the vegetarian grain feed it gives its hogs with transitional organic grain.
Cut back on grain feed and let birds forage freely.
Contract notice: Supply and delivery of fodder (straw, Hay) and grain feed for republican guard horses