Gram Equivalent


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gram Equivalent

 

the number of grams of a chemical element or compound equal to the weight of its chemical equivalent. The gram equivalent of a chemical element is numerically equal to the quotient resulting from dividing the element’s atomic weight by its valence. For example, the gram equivalent of iron (atomic weight 55.847) with a valence of 2 is 27.92 g and with a valence of 3, 18.62 g. The gram equivalent of acid is that amount of the acid in grams containing one gram equivalent of hydrogen capable of being displaced by metal with the formation of salt. The gram equivalent of a base is that amount of the base in grams that is necessary for its complete reaction with one gram equivalent of acid. The gram equivalent of salt is that amount of the salt in grams containing one gram equivalent of metal. The concept of gram equivalent is widely used in volumetric analysis.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.