Grand Banks


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Grand Banks,

submarine plateau rising from the continental shelf, c.36,000 sq mi (93,200 sq km), off SE Newfoundland, N.L., Canada. It is c.300 mi (480 km) long and c.400 mi (640 km) wide; depths range from 20 to 100 fathoms. The cold Labrador Current flows over most of the banks; the warmer Gulf Stream sweeps along the eastern edge, sometimes crossing the southern part. The Grand Banks are noted for the persistent dense fog (formed as warm air passes over the cold water) that engulfs the area. The mingling of the two currents along with the shallowness of the water forms a favorable environment for plankton and other small sea life upon which cod, haddock, halibut, and other fish feed. Lobsters are also found there. Fog, icebergs, and the nearby transatlantic shipping lanes make fishing hazardous. The Grand Banks were probably the world's most important international fishing ground until 1977, when Canada extended its offshore jurisdiction to include most of the area. Many of the commercial species, however, were overfished and depleted by the early 1990s. Oil drilling began on the banks in the late 1970s, but was slowed after the loss of the Ocean Ranger rig on Feb. 15, 1982.

Grand Banks

[′grand ¦baŋks]
(geography)
Banks off southeastern Newfoundland, important for cod fishing.
References in periodicals archive ?
It brought together shipbuilding and iron and steel industries, generated employment, and rapidly turned Spain into an exporter of cod caught on the Grand Banks.
Much of the cod fished on the Grand Banks was taken by foreign vessels, but because the supply of cod seemed inexhaustible, no one minded.
The Grand Banks is a broad platform, generally shallower than 100 m, underlain by Appalachian continental crust and extending in some places beyond Canada's 200 nm limit.
The fish in the Grand Banks were so thick you could pull them up with a bucket.
The Grand Banks, the body of water off the east coast of Newfoundland, Canada, is considered the foggiest place on Earth.
Data resulting from experimental fishing conducted from 2001 to 2004 over the Grand Banks area (i.
Greatly diminished cod stocks are threatened with disappearance owing to illegal fishing in the Grand Banks and so off Newfoundland, according to the World-Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).
Lawrence and New Brunswick, and the third a domestic security operation in the Grand Banks fishing area, east of Newfoundland.
Some of the world's largest vessel operators, such as Carnival Cruise Lines, UK, and renowned yacht manufacturers, including Grand Banks Yachts, Singapore, are currently in our program of international field testing and yielding positive results," Mr.
The Grand Banks are several hundred kilometres off the eastern coast of Canada.
Carrick is responsible for managing the company's operated and non-operated assets on the Grand Banks and the Scotian Shelf.
Early each summer, the cod migrated from their feeding and breeding grounds on the Grand Banks.