Grand Canal

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Grand Canal,

Chinese Da Yunhe [large transit river], longest in the world, extending c.1,000 mi (1,600 km) from Beijing to Hangzhou, E China, and forming an important north-south waterway on the North China Plain. The canal was started in the 6th cent. B.C. and was constructed over a 2,000-year period. Its largest sections were completed in A.D. 610 under Emperor Yang Ti of the Sui dynasty and were built by dredging and linking existing canals. Tree-shaded roads, postal stations, and imperial pavilions were built along the canal. Between the 10th and the early 13th cent. the waterway fell into disrepair. Kublai Khan reconstructed the canal in the 13th cent. and extended it to Beijing. Improvements were made during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). Today the canal follows the Bai River south from Beijing to Tianjin; the 250-mi (412-km) section S of Tianjin ties into the Wei River. Leaving the Wei, the canal runs past Jining and through the elongated lakes of Shandong prov., then past Xuzhou and the lakes of Jiangsu prov. to cross the Chang at Zhenjiang. It runs generally south through the Chang delta, past Wuxi and on to Hangzhou, the southern terminus. The canal is 100 to 200 ft (30–61 m) wide and from 2 to 15 ft (.6–4.6 m) deep. Railroads, roads, and widespread silting have reduced its economic importance, but the canal remains navigable between Jining and Hangzhou and is a busy waterway S of the Chang. In the 21st cent. the canal N of the Chang has become part of the eastern route of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project, transferring water from the Chang to the Huang He and cities and provinces of N China.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Grand Canal


(Chinese, Yün Ho, transport river), a navigable canal, one of the greatest hydrotechnical structures of China. Construction of the Grand Canal, which was based on a number of canals built as early as the sixth century B.C. (mostly in the seventh century A.D.), was completed in the 13th century A.D. It runs from north to south, from near Peking to Hangchou, intersecting the Huang Ho (Yellow), Huai, and Yangtze rivers. It is 1,782 km long (from Tunghsien to Hangchou; different information on the length of the canal is given in different sources). The Grand Canal system also includes natural waterways, such as the Pai River and the Wei-shan Hu lakes. The main ports on the Grand Canal are Yangchou, Suchou, Wuhsi, and Hangchou. The main cargoes are coal, grain, wood, and cotton.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Grand Canal

1. a canal in E China, extending north from Hangzhou to Tianjin: the longest canal in China, now partly silted up; central section, linking the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, finished in 486 bc; north section finished by Kublai Khan between 1282 and 1292. Length: about 1600 km (1000 miles)
2. a canal in Venice, forming the main water thoroughfare: noted for its bridges, the Rialto, and the fine palaces along its banks
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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THE People has teamed up with the Grand Canal Hotel, to bring our readers a fantastic offer this Spring.
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For more information, please contact the Venice Grand Canal Concierge at 624-1971, 0917-5129934 or
Since joining the hotel, tourism, transport, and catering group, in 2008 Riley also launched a new restaurant division to "lure" new F&B brands to the city through master franchise agreements and developing new brands, such as the upcoming Venetian Village in Abu Dhabi, part of the Ritz-Carlton Abu Dhabi Grand Canal.
Gardai sealed off an area between the 10th and 11th locks on the Grand Canal in Clondalkin on Tuesday after shoes believed to belong to one of the missing teenagers had been found near the Fonthill Road Bridge.
The bodies of Carey and Murray were recovered from the Grand Canal near Celbridge in January 1999.
metal structures (currently accommodating pedestrian access to the basement car park from Grand Canal Square) to provide 2no.commercial/ retail kiosk type units in addition to maintaining their existing circulation function to the basement car park.
The Ritz-Carlton Abu Dhabi Grand Canal general manager said: "Abu Dhabi guests who require an additional level of privacy will appreciate Royal Suite's secluded location on a dedicated floor with a separate entrance from the security room and butler quarters."
The Ritz-Carlton Abu Dhabi, Grand Canal is the ninth property in the Middle East region for the luxury hotel operator.

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