Grand Master

(redirected from Grand Masters)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Grand Master


the highest honorary title in chess and checkers, conferred by international federations and in the USSR; in Hungary the title is awarded only in chess.

In the USSR the title of grand master in chess was established in 1935; between 1935 and 1970, 40 individuals met its standards and received the title. The first Soviet grand master was M. M. Botvinnik. In 1949 the International Chess Federation (FIDE), founded in 1924, established the title of international grand master. By the beginning of 1971 this title had been awarded to the 104 best chess players in the world, of whom 36 were Soviet sportsmen: I. E. Boleslavskii, I. Z. Bondarevskii, M. M. Botvinnik, D. I. Bronshtein, P. P. Keres, A. A. Kotov, G. Ia. Levenfish, A. A. Liliental’, V. V. Ragozin, V. V. Smyslov, and S. M. Flor in 1950; Iu. L. Averbakh, E. P. Geller, V. L. Korchnoi, T. V. Petro-sian, B. V. Spasski, M. E. Taimanov, M. N. Tal’, and A. K. Tolush from 1952 to 1957; and V. S. Antoshin, E. A. Va-siukov, A. P. Gipslis, B. I. Gurgenidze, E. E. Gufel’d, A. N. Zaitsev, A. E. Karpov, N. V. Krogius, A. Ia. Lein, V. M. Liberzon, L. A. Polugaevskii, V. P. Simagin, A. S. Suetin, S.A. Furman, R. D. Kholmov, L. A. Shamkovich, and L. Z. Shtein from 1960 to 1970. The title of grand master of the International Correspondence Chess Federation (ICCF) was established in 1958; it has been awarded to 20 chess players from various countries. Six of these were Soviet players, including world champions of the ICCF V. P. Zagorovskii and V. V. Ragozin.

In the USSR in 1970 there were 12 grand masters in checkers (the title was established in 1961)—seven in Russian and five in international hundred-square checkers. In 1948 the title of international grand master of the World Checkers Federation (FMJD) was established.

Among the 14 international grand masters in checkers are the Soviet world champion A. G. Andreiko and ex-champions I. I. Kuperman and V. I. Shchegolev.


Grand Master


in the Catholic Church the head of a religious order of knights.

The grand master was elected for life by the members of the order and confirmed by the pope. In the Middle Ages, when the influence of the religious knightly orders was considerable, the grand masters played a large political role in the feudal life of Europe. Although the orders have lost their former influence, the term “grand master” continues to be the title of the heads of some orders.

References in periodicals archive ?
Masters and Grand Masters all over the world have read their ephemeris: Will man's best friend make the world a friendlier place in 2018?
Ieysaa will be taking on International and Grand Masters during the nine-day event taking place at the Doha Exhibition and Convention Center from August 19 to 27, 2017.
Abu Dhabi: India's Abhijeet Gupta is among the new breed of Grand Masters (GM) who are being looked upon as the 'Generation Next' to emulate the legendary Vishwanathan Anand.
British Grand Master Keith Arkell, along with his protege and current International Master Jack Rudd, will be participating, among various Grand Masters and Masters.
The production will be in Filipino with Filipino performers, in collaboration with Noh grand masters Umewaka (expert in Noh acting for principal roles), Shigeji Omura (expert in Noh drum) and Isso Yoji (expert in Noh flute).
Dropping down to the 75s wasn't an issue for Grand Masters Buckingham and Marguglio until they ran into fellow Grand Masters and 75-plus singles finalists Driscoll and Young.
There are probably only 25 grand masters of Taekwon-Do in the world.
Overseeing the action were Mike Ilderton and Helen Wiggin supported by five of Europe's most senior martial arts instructors - sensai Gary Swift, Grand Masters Patrick Kennedy and John Birch, Lucy Reed and Lauren Birch.
This was most consistent performance in any international event against some top Grand Masters of International Chess Federation," he told on his return from United Arab Emirates (UAE) on Monday Lodhi held Russian GM Volkov Sergey with FIDE rating 2599 to draw to end with 6.
KARACHI -- Pakistan's top chess player and International Master Mahmood Lodhi left here late Tuesday night to take part in the 14th Kuala Lumpur Open Grand Masters Chess Tournament being held there from April 3 to 11.
Peter Seidenberg, the 76 year old American who has been attendA[degrees] ing Laser Master Championships since they were launched in 1980, beat his old rival Keith Wilkins of Britain for the first time ever to take the coveted 2013 Radial Great Grand Masters title.
Peter Seidenberg, the 76-year-old American who has been attending Laser Master Championships since they were launched in 1980 put a significant ghost to rest when he beat his old rival Keith Wilkins of Britain for the first time ever to take the coveted 2013 Radial Great Grand Masters title.