Grand Master

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Grand Master


the highest honorary title in chess and checkers, conferred by international federations and in the USSR; in Hungary the title is awarded only in chess.

In the USSR the title of grand master in chess was established in 1935; between 1935 and 1970, 40 individuals met its standards and received the title. The first Soviet grand master was M. M. Botvinnik. In 1949 the International Chess Federation (FIDE), founded in 1924, established the title of international grand master. By the beginning of 1971 this title had been awarded to the 104 best chess players in the world, of whom 36 were Soviet sportsmen: I. E. Boleslavskii, I. Z. Bondarevskii, M. M. Botvinnik, D. I. Bronshtein, P. P. Keres, A. A. Kotov, G. Ia. Levenfish, A. A. Liliental’, V. V. Ragozin, V. V. Smyslov, and S. M. Flor in 1950; Iu. L. Averbakh, E. P. Geller, V. L. Korchnoi, T. V. Petro-sian, B. V. Spasski, M. E. Taimanov, M. N. Tal’, and A. K. Tolush from 1952 to 1957; and V. S. Antoshin, E. A. Va-siukov, A. P. Gipslis, B. I. Gurgenidze, E. E. Gufel’d, A. N. Zaitsev, A. E. Karpov, N. V. Krogius, A. Ia. Lein, V. M. Liberzon, L. A. Polugaevskii, V. P. Simagin, A. S. Suetin, S.A. Furman, R. D. Kholmov, L. A. Shamkovich, and L. Z. Shtein from 1960 to 1970. The title of grand master of the International Correspondence Chess Federation (ICCF) was established in 1958; it has been awarded to 20 chess players from various countries. Six of these were Soviet players, including world champions of the ICCF V. P. Zagorovskii and V. V. Ragozin.

In the USSR in 1970 there were 12 grand masters in checkers (the title was established in 1961)—seven in Russian and five in international hundred-square checkers. In 1948 the title of international grand master of the World Checkers Federation (FMJD) was established.

Among the 14 international grand masters in checkers are the Soviet world champion A. G. Andreiko and ex-champions I. I. Kuperman and V. I. Shchegolev.


Grand Master


in the Catholic Church the head of a religious order of knights.

The grand master was elected for life by the members of the order and confirmed by the pope. In the Middle Ages, when the influence of the religious knightly orders was considerable, the grand masters played a large political role in the feudal life of Europe. Although the orders have lost their former influence, the term “grand master” continues to be the title of the heads of some orders.

References in periodicals archive ?
23, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ --Walter Mosley has been chosen as the 2016 Grand Master by Mystery Writers of America (MWA).
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Over 150 chess masters including 20 Grand Masters, over 30 IMs featured in $34,000 prize money.
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KARACHI -- Pakistan's top chess player and International Master Mahmood Lodhi left here late Tuesday night to take part in the 14th Kuala Lumpur Open Grand Masters Chess Tournament being held there from April 3 to 11.
Peter Seidenberg, the 76 year old American who has been attendA[degrees] ing Laser Master Championships since they were launched in 1980, beat his old rival Keith Wilkins of Britain for the first time ever to take the coveted 2013 Radial Great Grand Masters title.
Peter Seidenberg, the 76-year-old American who has been attending Laser Master Championships since they were launched in 1980 put a significant ghost to rest when he beat his old rival Keith Wilkins of Britain for the first time ever to take the coveted 2013 Radial Great Grand Masters title.
With these new inclusions, India now has 21 Grand Masters and 65 International Masters.
The palaces of the grand masters in Malta; Valletta, Verdala, San Anton.
I won the Scottish Masters a few years ago so want to make it a double among these grand masters.
According to Nitzborn, the NFC aims to develop children's skills in chess by sending grand masters to travel around the country teaching and identifying talented children.
Congratulations to Bob McBride UE and Harry Danford UE who are now District Deputy Grand Masters.