grandfather clause

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grandfather clause,

provision in constitutions (adopted 1895–1910) of seven post–Reconstruction Southern states that exempted those persons who had been eligible to vote on Jan. 1, 1867, and their descendants from rigid economic and literacy requirements for voting. Since African Americans had not yet been enfranchised on that date, the provision effectively barred them from the polls while granting voting rights to poor and illiterate whites. Such provisions were ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1915. The term grandfather clause is now applied to any kind of legal exemption based on prior status.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Swissair has so-called 'grandfather rights' to hold onto its takeoff and landing slots at international airports and in Switzerland and elsewhere in Europe it does not see a difficulty in transferring them to Crossair.
The proposal also includes an exception for investments held by state banks in accordance with the special grandfather rights under section 24 of the FDI Act.
(Ford resisted style changes and selling on credit.) But there are grandfather rights in the wars of ideological cliche.
"Federal law now regulates truck size and weight (TS&W) limits by specifying basic standards and excepting certain situations from those standards by grandfather rights and/or special permits," the study states.
Four of the current permit holders were guiding on the mountain at the time of the policy change and were given grandfather rights to continue their services.
A EU airective has set minimum legally binding standards for pesticide users that will put an end to the exemption offered by "grandfather rights".
Oswestry, United Kingdom, July 19, 2015 --( North Shropshire College's (NSC) Walford Campus is ready to assist people affected by the end of the 'Grandfather Rights' exemption when using pesticides, there will be a number of qualifications available to those affected.
City and Guilds has a new qualification called "Safe Use of Pesticides, replacing Grandfather Rights. Farms can claim back 80% funding from Farming Connect towards courses.