Ulysses S. Grant

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Grant, (Hiram) Ulysses S.

(1822–85) eighteenth U.S. president; born in Point Pleasant, Ohio. The son of a tanner, he gained a place at West Point in 1839, from which he graduated with little distinction, except as a horseman. (It was at West Point that he was accidentally assigned the middle initial "S"; it is assumed it referred to his mother's maiden name, Simpson.) He served with considerable bravery in the Mexican War of 1846–48, but afterward languished in remote posts on the West Coast, taking to drink and finally resigning in 1854. He then spent six frustrating years in Missouri, farming and in other pursuits. When the Civil War began, he found a commission as a colonel and was promoted to general in August 1861. Soon he had proved himself the ablest of Northern leaders, winning a string of brilliant victories from 1862–63 that culminated in the capture of Vicksburg, Miss. After he had broken an apparently hopeless siege of Union forces in Chattanooga in late 1863, he was appointed by Lincoln to overall command of Union armies. In that post he created for the first time a single plan for the Union war effort; the main elements were Sherman's campaigns in Georgia and Grant's offensive against Lee in Virginia. After a year of brutal fighting, Lee surrendered to Grant in April 1865 and the Confederacy collapsed. The Republicans seized this war hero as their presidential candidate in 1868; he won a narrow victory in the popular vote. As president, he was out of his element; a cabinet of cronies and political contributors proved largely incompetent and corrupt, and Grant had no overall vision for the country. He managed to gain reelection in 1872 despite the Credit Mobilier and Whiskey Ring scandals and other sensations that would leave his administration—though not his personal integrity—tarnished. Grant left office to make a triumphant world tour, but did not succeed in his hopes for regaining the presidency. Having been swindled by a friend, he took to writing his memoirs to regain his fortune, finishing them a few days before his death.

Grant, Ulysses S.

(1822–1885) 18th U.S. president; nicknamed “Unconditional Surrender.” [Am. Hist.: Kane, 523]
References in periodicals archive ?
That's why The Grantsmanship Center (the Center) has asked Henry Flood, the center's senior advisor for grant administration, to address procurement issues that are raising concern.
The grant administration process would be streamlined, and the application process involve fewer people and fewer steps.
Automate formerly manual or paper-based financial processes, including grant administration and requisitions;
The university has created a stronger chain of command, added training and made changes to the process of grant administration.
By simply moving all grant payments from largely cash payments, which were costly, cumbersome and riddled with inefficiencies, to electronic payments, the new system has already saved SASSA a considerable amount in grant administration costs.
Whitman was anything but pie-eyed about American politics, as befits a former Grant administration appointee who had been abruptly discharged when he was discovered to be the author of the "immoral" Leaves of Grass.
As reported yesterday, RCT has found itself in the firing line after District Auditor Paul Griffiths said deficiencies in areas like grant administration and rent arrears could end up costing council taxpayers more than pounds 5m.
The Statement of Policy commits the Department to consider using ADR in areas like resolution of workplace issues, formal and informal adjudication, rulemaking, enforcement, issuance and revocation of licenses and permits, contract and grant administration, and litigation brought by or against the Department.
Because of its size, NWACF is able to serve as a charitable depository that lets local funds piggyback on its professional investment management and grant administration.
It is vital we have suitable safeguards in the grant administration system, so that businesses genuinely in need become the beneficiaries, rather than those who know how to work the system.
In singling out the Grant administration, in this day one forgets the scandals during the Harding, Harry Truman, John F.
The current NIDRR scientific-technical peer review process is based on policies contained in the Education Department Grant Administration Regulations (EDGAR).