grasshopper

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grasshopper,

name applied to almost 9,000 different species of singing, jumping insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 in two families of the order Orthoptera. Grasshoppers are long, slender, winged insects with powerful hind legs and strong mandibles, or mouthparts, adapted for chewing. They range from 1-2 to 4 in. (1–10 cm) in length. They have a front pair of rigid wings and a hind pair of larger, membranous wings, often brightly colored. When the wings are at rest, the hind pair folds and is covered by the front pair. Some species fly well, others poorly or not at all. There are three pairs of legs, all used for walking. The muscular hind legs are also used for jumping and for initiating flight. Grasshoppers can jump up to 20 times their body length. In most species the singing, or stridulating, is performed only by the males. Both sexes possess auditory organs.

The long-horned grasshoppers (family Tettigoniidae) are characterized by antennae longer than the body and auditory organs on the forelegs. This family includes the katydidskatydid,
common name of certain large, singing, winged insects belonging to the long-horned grasshopper family (Tettigoniidae) in the order Orthoptera. Katydids are green or, occasionally, pink and range in size from 1 1-4 to 5 in. (3–12.5 cm) long.
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. The short-horned grasshoppers (family Acrididae) are characterized by antennae shorter than the body and auditory organs on the abdomen. This group includes the locustlocust,
in zoology, name for certain migratory members of the short-horned grasshopper family (Acrididae). Like other members of this family, locusts have antennae shorter than their bodies, song-producing organs on the forewings and hind legs, and hind legs well developed for
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. Pygmy grasshoppers (family Tetrigidae) are less than 3-4 in. (20 mm) in length.

Most grasshoppers mate in the fall, after which the female lays the eggs in the ground or in plant tissues. The eggs of most species hatch in the spring. Newly hatched grasshoppers are similar to the adults except for their smaller size and lack of wings. After several molts, in which the young shed their old body coats and grow new ones, the winged adult stage is attained.

Most grasshoppers are plant feeders, attacking crops such as wheat, barley, corn, rye, and oats. The migratory grasshoppers, including the locusts, are a serious threat to agriculture. A few long-horned grasshoppers are carnivorous. Grasshoppers are typically found in temperate regions. They are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Orthoptera.

grasshopper

[′gras‚häp·ər]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for a number of plant-eating orthopteran insects composing the subfamily Saltatoria; individuals have hindlegs adapted for jumping, and mouthparts adapted for biting and chewing.

Grasshopper

sings through summer, overlooking winter preparations. [Gk. Lit.: Aesop’s Fables, “Ant and the Grasshopper”]

grasshopper

sings instead of storing away food. [Animal Symbolism: Mercatante, 108]

grasshopper

any orthopterous insect of the families Acrididae (short-horned grasshoppers) and Tettigoniidae (long-horned grasshoppers), typically terrestrial, feeding on plants, and producing a ticking sound by rubbing the hind legs against the leathery forewings
References in periodicals archive ?
This combination across all the court saw Warriors break Grasshoppers rhythm and limit them to just three goals in the second court and stretch their lead to 26-10.
Grasshopper density was estimated by counting grasshoppers flushing from within eight, 0.
grasshopper nymphs, grasshopper adults, lycosid spiders, moths and house crickets) during no choice feeding experiment.
The Blues signed the 21-year-old forward on a four-and-a-half-year deal worth PS3m in January but loaned him straight back to Grasshopper Zurich for the rest of the season.
After annulling his loan contract with Swiss side Luzern following a fall-out with the club's board and management, the 20-year-old is now set for a medical test at 27-time Swiss champions Grasshoppers.
Washington, May 9 ( ANI ): A newly discovered grasshopper by scientists now bears the name of Grammy-award winning singer and activist Ana Lila Downs Sanchez.
The event came to a close with an impromptu match between the men and the Grasshoppers club players - with the girls securing a 6-3 win.
He encouraged residents to hunt grasshoppers instead.
Nymphs of all stages and adult grasshoppers were observed and fourth and fifth instar nymphs were predominant.
Bobadilla, once of Grasshoppers, failed to make the grade in the Bundesliga but he returned to Switzerland and scored seven goals in 13 matches for Young Boys to finally look like the man who could replace flogged goal machine Seydou Doumbia.
Chemical remnants of fear in the corpses of grasshoppers slow the decomposition of dead grass and other debris important for fertilizing new plant growth, a new study finds.
That's exactly what he did, and it eliminated the grasshoppers in the greenhouse.