grasshopper

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grasshopper,

name applied to almost 9,000 different species of singing, jumping insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 in two families of the order Orthoptera. Grasshoppers are long, slender, winged insects with powerful hind legs and strong mandibles, or mouthparts, adapted for chewing. They range from 1-2 to 4 in. (1–10 cm) in length. They have a front pair of rigid wings and a hind pair of larger, membranous wings, often brightly colored. When the wings are at rest, the hind pair folds and is covered by the front pair. Some species fly well, others poorly or not at all. There are three pairs of legs, all used for walking. The muscular hind legs are also used for jumping and for initiating flight. Grasshoppers can jump up to 20 times their body length. In most species the singing, or stridulating, is performed only by the males. Both sexes possess auditory organs.

The long-horned grasshoppers (family Tettigoniidae) are characterized by antennae longer than the body and auditory organs on the forelegs. This family includes the katydidskatydid,
common name of certain large, singing, winged insects belonging to the long-horned grasshopper family (Tettigoniidae) in the order Orthoptera. Katydids are green or, occasionally, pink and range in size from 1 1-4 to 5 in. (3–12.5 cm) long.
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. The short-horned grasshoppers (family Acrididae) are characterized by antennae shorter than the body and auditory organs on the abdomen. This group includes the locustlocust,
in zoology, name for certain migratory members of the short-horned grasshopper family (Acrididae). Like other members of this family, locusts have antennae shorter than their bodies, song-producing organs on the forewings and hind legs, and hind legs well developed for
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. Pygmy grasshoppers (family Tetrigidae) are less than 3-4 in. (20 mm) in length.

Most grasshoppers mate in the fall, after which the female lays the eggs in the ground or in plant tissues. The eggs of most species hatch in the spring. Newly hatched grasshoppers are similar to the adults except for their smaller size and lack of wings. After several molts, in which the young shed their old body coats and grow new ones, the winged adult stage is attained.

Most grasshoppers are plant feeders, attacking crops such as wheat, barley, corn, rye, and oats. The migratory grasshoppers, including the locusts, are a serious threat to agriculture. A few long-horned grasshoppers are carnivorous. Grasshoppers are typically found in temperate regions. They are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Orthoptera.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

grasshopper

[′gras‚häp·ər]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for a number of plant-eating orthopteran insects composing the subfamily Saltatoria; individuals have hindlegs adapted for jumping, and mouthparts adapted for biting and chewing.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Grasshopper

sings through summer, overlooking winter preparations. [Gk. Lit.: Aesop’s Fables, “Ant and the Grasshopper”]

grasshopper

sings instead of storing away food. [Animal Symbolism: Mercatante, 108]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

grasshopper

any orthopterous insect of the families Acrididae (short-horned grasshoppers) and Tettigoniidae (long-horned grasshoppers), typically terrestrial, feeding on plants, and producing a ticking sound by rubbing the hind legs against the leathery forewings
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"Grasshoppers are eaten in third-world countries, but the West is less open to the idea of eating insects, which carries negative cultural baggage.
The forward was initially loaned back to Grasshoppers before being sent to Eintracht Frankfurt for a spell.
Nevada state entomologist Jeff Knight told journalists that the invasion of grasshoppers is unusual but not unprecedented.
According to official sources several lumps of Grasshoppers and Locusts emerged in Dalbandin which have ruined large number of plants and crops in the city and vicinity.
According to Swiss media, Grasshoppers fans demanded their players hand over their shirts as they were not worthy to wear them.
Amman, April 14 (Petra) - The Ministry of Agriculture denied presence of locusts on the Jordanian territory, and footages on the social media refer to insects that are similar to locusts, or some kind of butterflies, and grasshoppers. "The ministry is still working on tracking any changes in locusts and has full readiness to deal with it," Ministry of Agriculture spokesman Lawrence Majali told "Petra" on Sunday, calling on seeking accuracy in this regard.
Having survived grubs, ants and grasshoppers during a break in Thailand, I was tasked with the ultimate taste tests.
"Right now, we're at the point where there's enough forage so people aren't noticing the grasshoppers so much," Locke said.
It is with this latter point in mind that the usage of a bee hotel by grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) was studied in an urban grassland in the UK.
When Dror Tamir set out to find alternative sources of protein to feed malnourished populations in Africa and Asia, he found one: grasshoppers.
In an experiment to discover how grasshoppers hear, 100 grasshoppers were used.
EAST MIDLANDS REGIONAL DIVISION TWO CHARNWOOD RUTLAND WARRIORS 2NDS 49 GRASSHOPPERS 32 CHARNWOOD Rutland 2nd team maintained their push for a play-off place with a convincing 49-32 win over current league leaders Grasshoppers in East Midlands Regional Division Two on Sunday.