Graves' disease


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Graves' disease:

see thyroid glandthyroid gland,
endocrine gland, situated in the neck, that secretes hormones necessary for growth and proper metabolism. It consists of two lobes connected by a narrow segment called the isthmus. The lobes lie on either side of the trachea, the isthmus in front of it.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Brief psychotic disorder, bipolar mania, and delusional disorder were better explained by Graves' disease, and Mrs.
Factitious Graves' disease due to a biotin immunoassay interference--a case and review of the literature.
Surgery is preferred to radioactive iodine ablation for patients with poor disease control and those experiencing adverse events associated with ATDs in Turkish children and adolescents with Graves' disease.
For management of Graves' disease, beta blockers are used for symptoms control.
TED, also known as Graves' orbitopathy (GO), affects approximately 25% of patients with Graves' disease and is influenced by gender with females being more at risk (approximately 5:1).
Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms are associated with Graves' disease in German and Polish but not in Serbian patients.
In the study conducted by K Aroditis et al, which consisted of 44 samples, they investigated the reaction of the elevated levels of thyroid hormones (Graves' disease) on heart and the changes that occur on therapy for 6 months.
Methods: For identifying the factors implied in producing PHT and for evaluating its reversibility, we made echocardiography exams, sessions of monitoring the blood pressure during 24 hours and biological test in a group of 42 patients with Graves' disease (group H), comparing them with themselves in a euthyroid status (group E, n=25) and with a control group (group C, n=25).
Methods: This case-control study was conducted at the Multan Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy, Multan, Pakistan, and comprised blood samples of Graves' disease patients and controls.
These serological and imaging studies of the thyroid has scarcely given positive evidence for the diagnosis of Graves' disease in this patient.
The finding of specific biomarkers of TAO may serve as a predictive factor of development of TAO among patients with Graves' disease and may also give some information on the severity of TAO.
But the actual incidence of thyroid cancer in hyperthyroidism is still uncertain since the studies were mostly in subset of Graves' disease (GD) who underwent surgical treatment.