Graves, Michael,1934–2015, American architect, b. Indianapolis, Ind., educated at the Univ. of Cincinnati and Harvard. He taught at Princeton from 1962 to 2002. Graves was a member of the New York "Five" or "white" modernist architects during the 1960s, the other four being Richard MeierMeier, Richard
, 1934–, American architect, b. Newark, N.J., educated at Cornell. During the 1960s, he was a member of the New York "Five" or "white" architects, a group that emulated the early International style. In such projects as the Smith House in Darien, Conn.
..... Click the link for more information. , Peter Eisenman, Charles Gwathmey, and John Hejduk. In the 1970s, Graves emerged as a leading proponent of the American postmodernist style (see postmodernismpostmodernism,
term used to designate a multitude of trends—in the arts, philosophy, religion, technology, and many other areas—that come after and deviate from the many 20th-cent. movements that constituted modernism.
..... Click the link for more information. ). Extremely prolific, he designed more than 350 buildings worldwide. His completed projects include the Portland Building in Portland, Oreg.; the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport in The Hague; the Swan and Dolphin Hotels in Walt Disney World, Fla.; the Walt Disney Company Corporate Headquarters in Burbank, Calif.; the Newark Museum in Newark, N.J.; the Emory Univ. Museum of Art and Architecture in Atlanta, Ga.; and the Central Library in Denver. Graves is also known for his design of furniture, furnishings, and housewares, e.g., his well-known teakettle and pepper mill.
See M. Graves, Buildings and Projects 1966–81 (1983), Buildings and Projects 1982–89 (1990), Buildings and Projects 1990–94 (1995), and Buildings and Projects 1995–2003 (2004); B. M. Ambroziak, Michael Graves: Images of a Grand Tour (2005).
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Graves, Michael(1934– ) architect; born in Indianapolis, Ind. After training at the University of Cincinnati and at Harvard, he joined the architecture faculty at Princeton (1962) and established an independent practice (1964). His designs for museums, residences, and housing and urban planning projects have put him at the forefront of postmodernist architecture. His work frequently incorporated color as architectural metaphor; his works include the Fargo-Moorehead Cultural Center Bridge (1977), which joins Fargo, N.D. and Moorehead, Minn.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.