Graves, Thomas Graves, Baron

Graves, Thomas Graves, Baron,

1725?–1802, British admiral. During the American Revolution his fleet was routed (1781) by the comte de GrasseGrasse, François Joseph Paul, comte de
, 1722–88, French admiral. In 1781, in command of a French fleet sent to cooperate with the Continental forces in the American Revolution, he defeated a British naval force under Admiral Hood and captured Tobago.
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 at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay, a defeat that led directly to Lord Cornwallis's surrender at Yorktown (see Yorktown campaignYorktown campaign,
1781, the closing military operations of the American Revolution. After his unsuccessful Carolina campaign General Cornwallis moved into Virginia to join British forces there.
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). In the French Revolutionary Wars, Graves was second in command to Admiral Richard HoweHowe, Richard Howe, Earl,
1726–99, British admiral; elder brother of Viscount Howe. He won early recognition in the Seven Years War for his operations in the English Channel.
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 in the victory over the French in 1794 and was subsequently raised to the peerage.
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